In the Iliad Agamemnon would never stoop to doing something like this himself.
In the Odyssey, I usually visualize Odysseus doing things himself, even when he still has underlings to order around. Honestly, it wouldn't occur to me to ask whether he or his companions are acting here.
But the difference between the causative sigmative aorist and the intransitive second aorist is that the sigmatic (first) aorist is transitive and the other aorist is intransitive.http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Smyth+grammar+819&fromdoc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0007
Only verbs that can be used in an intransitive
sense have a causative
aorist. The causative
aorist is transitive
, as distinguished from the intransitive
second aorist. So causative aorists never mean that the subject caused or ordered someone else to perform a transitive act that the subject could have accomplished himself, but rather merely that the subject caused someone (including animals) to perform an intransitive act (going, in the Iliad example).
Not sure that's clear.