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Scansion of πυλάων

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Scansion of πυλάων

Postby Archimedes » Fri Feb 28, 2014 9:18 pm

I’m scanning epigrams in hexameter and came across a line that ends with πυλάων (gates), which scans uu-. According to the basic rules, the last foot of a line of hexameter should end with either a trochee (-u) or a spondee (--); yet this word ends with an iamb (u-). Is this a little exception to the rule that might be documented somewhere? Thanks.
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Re: Scansion of πυλάων

Postby Paul Derouda » Fri Feb 28, 2014 9:38 pm

I would be helpful if you posted at least the whole hexametre line, and if possible, gave its origin. It's difficult to answer questions of metre if we don't have the whole line. It's also more interesting to answer when you know something about the context.
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Re: Scansion of πυλάων

Postby Qimmik » Fri Feb 28, 2014 9:48 pm

The genitive plural in -άων is a Homeric form. The alpha is long. See Smyth section 214D, note 8. (The line after the alpha indicates that the alpha is long in the on-line version of Smyth):

8. Gen. plur.—(a) -ά_ων, the original form, occurs in Hom. (μουσά_ων, ἀγορά_ων).


http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0007%3Apart%3D2%3Achapter%3D13%3Asection%3D13

Epigrams are frequently written in Homeric language.
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Re: Scansion of πυλάων

Postby Archimedes » Sat Mar 01, 2014 12:55 am

Paul Derouda wrote:I would be helpful if you posted at least the whole hexametre line, and if possible, gave its origin. It's difficult to answer questions of metre if we don't have the whole line. It's also more interesting to answer when you know something about the context.


ξεῖνε, νόῳ σκίρτησον, ἰδών ἐφύπερθε πυλάων

It's from the Greek Anthology 9.686; the accent on ἰδών should be grave.
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Re: Scansion of πυλάων

Postby Archimedes » Sat Mar 01, 2014 1:12 am

Qimmik wrote:The genitive plural in -άων is a Homeric form. The alpha is long. See Smyth section 214D, note 8. (The line after the alpha indicates that the alpha is long in the on-line version of Smyth):

8. Gen. plur.—(a) -ά_ων, the original form, occurs in Hom. (μουσά_ων, ἀγορά_ων).


http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0007%3Apart%3D2%3Achapter%3D13%3Asection%3D13

Epigrams are frequently written in Homeric language.


Thanks for clearing that up; line ends in a spondee, then, instead of an iamb.
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Re: Scansion of πυλάων

Postby Archimedes » Sat Mar 01, 2014 1:35 am

My revised scansion of
ξεῖνε, νόῳ σκίρτησον, ἰδών ἐφύπερθε πυλάων
is
-uu -- -uu -uu -uu --
Or have I missed something else?
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Re: Scansion of πυλάων

Postby Qimmik » Sun Mar 02, 2014 11:38 pm

Yes, your scansion is correct. You should probably also note the feminine caesura in the third foot.
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