Textkit Logo

Answer key: ei-us or e-ius?

Are you learning Latin with D'Ooge's Beginners Latin Book? Here's where you can meet other learners using this textbook. Use this board to ask questions and post your work for feedback and comments from others.

Answer key: ei-us or e-ius?

Postby balindsey » Sun Feb 16, 2014 10:33 pm

In the very first exercise, which involves division in to syllables, the answer key shows eius divided as ei-us.

Why not e-ius? Isn't i consonantal here?
Textkit Neophyte
Posts: 3
Joined: Mon Jan 16, 2006 11:49 pm

Re: Answer key: ei-us or e-ius?

Postby metrodorus » Mon Aug 11, 2014 5:34 pm

It is actually ej-jus. That macron is very confusing, it signifies a doubled consonantal i. There are a few places macrons do this job: e.g. huj-jus.
I run http://latinum.org.uk which provides the Adler Audio Latin Course, other audio materials, and additional free materials on YouTube.
Textkit Fan
Posts: 309
Joined: Sun Jun 03, 2007 7:19 pm
Location: London

Re: Answer key: ei-us or e-ius?

Postby lsanger » Wed Oct 15, 2014 3:13 pm

Isn't "ei" a diphthong? If it is, the "i" in "ei" can't be treated as a consonant (can it?).

Sorry, I don't mean to pretend to know anything about this. I'm just confused, that's all.
Textkit Neophyte
Posts: 3
Joined: Thu Sep 18, 2014 12:12 am

Re: Answer key: ei-us or e-ius?

Postby Xystus » Wed Dec 30, 2015 3:37 pm

Isanger, the answer given by Metrodus is correct. It is not necessarily the case that one Latin letter always corresponds to exactly a single sound. In this case, the single i actually stands in for a double i, meaning that the i makes both the preceding vowel a diphtong and serves as a consonant for the second syllable (so, e.g., ei-ius). From Allen and Greenough:

Between consonant i and a preceding a, e, o or u, an i was developed as a transient sound, thus producing a diphthong ai , ei , etc., before the consonant i. In such cases but one i was written: as, âiō (for † ai-iō ), mâius (for † mai-ius ), pêius (for † pei-ius ).

http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/tex ... smythp%3D6

Also note that having two vowels together that could form a diphthong does not mean that in 100% of words that they are pronounced as a diphthong, even if that is usually a safe assumption.
Textkit Neophyte
Posts: 1
Joined: Wed Dec 30, 2015 3:22 pm

Return to Latin For Beginners by D'Ooge

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 10 guests