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Dido promisit 'se Troianos tutos dimissuram esse

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Dido promisit 'se Troianos tutos dimissuram esse

Postby pmda » Wed May 01, 2013 6:04 am

I'm a mystified by part of this sentence - an answer to one of the questions - from Orberg's Exercitia Latina Cap XXXIX ...

Dido promisit 'se Troianos tutos dimissuram esse iisque auxilium laturam.'

She was about to send the Trojans safely on their way...

What does 'dimmissuram' agrees with (f. acc. sing.)? Are future participles in agreement with their subject... she is doing the sending and it's reported speech '... se...dimissuram...' ?
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Re: Dido promisit 'se Troianos tutos dimissuram esse

Postby whsiv » Wed May 01, 2013 11:40 am

As you say, the future participles agree in gender, number, case with their subject. This explains laturam as well.
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Re: Dido promisit 'se Troianos tutos dimissuram esse

Postby Qimmik » Wed May 01, 2013 11:41 am

You've figured it out more or less correctly. dimissuram agrees with se, which is accusative (because it's the subject of the future infinitive dimissuram esse) and feminine (because the antecedent is Dido). It's reported speech after promisit.

But dimissuram esse doesn't necessarily mean "about to send the Trojans away". It's just a (periphrastic) future infinitive. "She promised that she would send the Trojans away safely." The future participle alone, when not part of an infinitive, can usually be translated "about to." (This is an instance where a Latin adjective tutos is best translated as an adverb "safely".)

laturam is also a future infinitive agreeing with se. esse does double duty for both dimissuram and laturam. (esse could be omitted and merely understood, and probably would be in "real" Latin.)
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Re: Dido promisit 'se Troianos tutos dimissuram esse

Postby pmda » Thu May 02, 2013 8:32 pm

Gratias vobis ago.
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