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Dative Plural ἀσπίσιν: Why no compensatory lengthening?

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Dative Plural ἀσπίσιν: Why no compensatory lengthening?

Postby pster » Sat Dec 01, 2012 6:07 pm

Unlike most consonant declension nouns, the dative plural ἀσπίσιν does not undergo compensatory lengthening, retaining a short iota despite losing the delta when the ending beginning in sigma is added. Why is that?

Thanks in advance.
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Re: Dative Plural ἀσπίσιν: Why no compensatory lengthening?

Postby NateD26 » Sat Dec 01, 2012 8:15 pm

It seems compensatory lengthening in Dative Plural occurs only in stems ending in -ντ-,
where -ντ- drops and preceding vowel ο becomes ου. In dental stems such as ἀσπιδ-,
and nasals like δαιμον- where ν drops (technically not; see Smyth 250b N. about it) without
lengthening of preceding vowel, there is none. If the vowel is long to begin with, then of course
it stays long. See table with examples in Smyth 257.
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