chad wrote:william, do you know a good book describing the early history of how these accents were applied and worked out by the alexandrian grammarians?
I don't. That'd be interesting though.
i'd like to know if these exceptions, like the one bert picked up, were based on the what the grammarians actually heard, the pronunciation of the words in greek-speaking cities at the time, or whether they could be just errors persisting from manuscript copy to copy.
Well, the accents didn't disappear, they just changed their nature a bit. I suspect they stayed put most of the time, so even if the stress-accent was ascendant the location was probably the same. Grammarians loved strange things, and were surprisingly good at preserving them intact when they stayed clear of too wild speculation. So for common words I expect we have the accents correct.
I looked up "daughter" in my Vedic grammar (duhitár
) and that seems to have normal accenting.