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Comparative form

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Comparative form

Postby Брэндон » Sun Feb 01, 2009 8:39 pm

Salve. :)

I'm still having a little trouble with the comparative form. I somewhat get it, but I was just looking for some reassurance. Superior gladium stilus est. Would that be the proper way to write the phrase "the pen is mightier than the sword"?


--Брэндон
Love all, trust few, and do harm to none.
Ama omnis, crede aliqui, ne noce aliquis.
Ama tutto, credi qualche, non nuoci nessuno.
Люби весь, верь некоторые, не вреди никто.
Брэндон
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Re: Comparative form

Postby thesaurus » Sun Feb 01, 2009 8:49 pm

Брэндон wrote:Salve. :)

I'm still having a little trouble with the comparative form. I somewhat get it, but I was just looking for some reassurance. Superior gladium stilus est. Would that be the proper way to write the phrase "the pen is mightier than the sword"?


Close, but remember that you use the ablative case of the object being compared. I.e., "Superior gladio stilus est."
Horae quidem cedunt et dies et menses et anni, nec praeteritum tempus umquam revertitur nec quid sequatur sciri potest. Quod cuique temporis ad vivendum datur, eo debet esse contentus. --Cicero, De Senectute
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Re: Comparative form

Postby vastor » Sun Feb 01, 2009 10:08 pm

Salve Брэндон,
Брэндон wrote:I'm still having a little trouble with the comparative form. I somewhat get it, but I was just looking for some reassurance. Superior gladium stilus est. Would that be the proper way to write the phrase "the pen is mightier than the sword"?

There are actually two competing syntaxes for the comparative degree. One uses the conjunction quam, the other the ablative case form.

The Quam Form
Stilus est superior quam gladius.
Nota bene: The things compared occupy the same grammatical case.

The Ablative Form
Stilus est superior gladio.
The ablative case here is actually the ablative of separation. So from the sword, the pen is mightier. Often the ablative construct is used when expressing a negative. To use an example from Dooge's text:
Nihil est clarius sole. or From the sun, nothing is brighter.
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Re: Comparative form

Postby Брэндон » Mon Feb 02, 2009 12:57 am

Gratias. To the both of you.

I will have remember to use the ablative case; I forget easily :/



--Брэндон
Love all, trust few, and do harm to none.
Ama omnis, crede aliqui, ne noce aliquis.
Ama tutto, credi qualche, non nuoci nessuno.
Люби весь, верь некоторые, не вреди никто.
Брэндон
Textkit Neophyte
 
Posts: 8
Joined: Fri Jan 30, 2009 8:47 pm


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