elouise wrote:But how did Romans say 'Kalenda'? Just 'Kalendae'? or 'Calendae'?
I'm sort of confused. Are there two possible spellings such as 'Kalendae' and 'Calendae'? Is this noun only in plural or is it also a singular? Is it a noun of 1st declension? And if I'm not wrong, the preposition 'ad' is only used with accusative?
adrianus wrote:...with K from the Greek (a Greek letter, that becomes a Roman one but only in words of Greek origin)...
In the earliest Old Latin epigraphy, the symbols C, K and Q were all employed for both /k/ and /g/, the choice of symbol being determined by the vowel following: Q stood before roundes vowels (EQO 'ego'), C before front vowels and consonants (FECED 'fecit', CRATIA 'gratis'), and K before A. This last detail is continued onto the classical period in the few forms where k is retained, chiefly Kalendae 'the Kalends'. Otherwise, the use of C spread at the expense of the other two letters. The persistence of Q in its single environtment is hard to explain (as is the ouster, a thousand years later, of the straightforward English spelling cw by the ANglo-Normal preciosity qu)