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"Lucifer"

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"Lucifer"

Postby Джек » Sun Oct 19, 2008 10:59 am

I am wondering as to the origin of this name. Obviously, it is one of the very many names for the Devil, Satan, Der Fürst der Finsternis (The Prince of Darkness), as they commonly call him in Germany. What does the Latin "Lucifer" mean? Well, I have an inclination that it may be Latin... if I'm wrong, then do tell me.

Gratias multas

Jack
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Postby languageleon » Sun Oct 19, 2008 11:27 am

http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Lucifer

It is a combination of "lux(gen:-cis)" and "fer-", or light-bringer. Details in the link, and I'm sure on Wikitionary, too.

:)
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Postby Джек » Sun Oct 19, 2008 11:43 am

Thanks. I find etymology very interesting. I didn't know about the site that you linked; I will look it up on there next time. Thanks very much.

Jack
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Postby languageleon » Sun Oct 19, 2008 12:29 pm

No problem. But what I find more interesting is the relation and translations of words, rather than their etymology.

To know a word comes from where-ever is cool, but to then compare "Prince of Darkness" to "Light-bringer" really puts language in perspective, no!
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Postby Lex » Tue Oct 21, 2008 2:45 am

languageleon wrote:No problem. But what I find more interesting is the relation and translations of words, rather than their etymology.

To know a word comes from where-ever is cool, but to then compare "Prince of Darkness" to "Light-bringer" really puts language in perspective, no!


I've always thought the myth of Lucifer is tied to the myth of Prometheus, the bringer of fire to man. The sin of both was excessive pride, and both were punished by the gods (or God) for their hubris. Also, men were then punished for accepting fire by giving them the "gift" of woman (Pandora, or "all gifts"), who of course brought all the woes of life on mankind when her "box" was "opened". This seems close in spirit at least to the story of Adam and Eve being cast out of Eden for eating the forbidden fruit. And, Prometheus' father, Iapetus (whose name may derive from the Biblical Japheth, son of Noah, according to Hornblower and Spawforth), was a Titan who was cast by Zeus into the depths of Tartarus.
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Postby cantator » Tue Oct 21, 2008 10:55 am

languageleon wrote:... to then compare "Prince of Darkness" to "Light-bringer" really puts language in perspective...


As Lucifer he was considered to be the most beautiful of the angels. For the enormity of his crime he was transformed into the most hideous of things and made the receptacle for all evil (Dante has him ensconced in ice at the very bottom and center of Hell).

So "Lucifer" and "Prince Of Darkness" are kind of "before & after" monikers. ;)
Similis sum folio de quo ludunt venti.
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