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Imperative adjectives?

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Imperative adjectives?

Postby classicalclarinet » Sun Sep 05, 2004 1:09 am

I've been wndering, are there forms for commanding someone to be something? For example, test-taking tips:

Be confident
Be calm
etc.
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Postby Titus Marius Crispus » Sun Sep 05, 2004 1:25 am

One would simply use the imperative of sum.

es fidens
este fidentes

es tranquillus
este tranquilli
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Postby benissimus » Sun Sep 05, 2004 5:06 am

Sometimes there are Latin verbs that in English are "to be ____". Some of these are taceo, -ere "to be quiet", gratulor, gratulari "to be thankful", gaudeo, -ere "to be glad", irascor, -sci "to be angry". Obviously, you can just use the imperative of the verb in these cases.

T. is quite correct about the adjectives, though volitive subjunctive is more common with esse than the imperative.
flebile nescio quid queritur lyra, flebile lingua murmurat exanimis, respondent flebile ripae
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Postby classicalclarinet » Sun Sep 05, 2004 6:35 am

thanks for pointing it out. I get confused by english adjectives that are not so in latin..:

"should it be an adjective? a verb? a PARTICIPLE??" :P
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