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De Cap XXXV Familia Romana (Orberg) V

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De Cap XXXV Familia Romana (Orberg) V

Postby pmda » Fri Feb 24, 2012 7:11 am

1)

De adverbio

[M] Adverbium quid est?

[D] Pars orationis quae adiecta verbo significationem eius explanat atque implet…


Pars [Fem. Nom. Sg.] orationis[Fem. Gen. Sg.] quae [Rel.Pron.Fem. Nom. Sg.] adiecta [PPP. 3rd. Pers. Sg. Fem. Nom. Sg.] verbo [Dat. Neut. Sg.] significationem [Fem. Acc. Sg.] eius [Gen. Neut. Sg.] explanat [Pres. 3rd. Pers. Sg.] atque implet.. [Pres. 3rd. Pers. Sg.]

Quid est 'implet'? - to fill?

A part of speech which added to a verb describes and also determines its meaning ??


2)

[M] Significatio adverbiorum in quo est?

[D] Sunt aut loci adverbia aut temporis aut numeri aut negandi aut affirmandi aut demonstrandi aut optandi aut hortandi aut ordinis aut interrogandi aut qualitatis aut quantitatis aut dubitandi...

Adverbs are of place, or time, or number, or denying, or affirming or demonstrating or hoping or exorting or of number or interrogating or of quality or of quantity or of doubting.


3)

[M] Genera participiorum quot sunt?

[D] Quattuor

[M] Quae?

[D] Masculinum, ut 'hic lectus', femininum, ut 'haec lecta', neutrum, ut 'hoc lectum', commune tribus generibus, ut 'hic' et 'haec' et 'hoc legens'.

Cur Orberg hos explanat cum 'hic', 'haec' et 'hoc'. Participii adiectivi 'hic' et 'haec' et 'hoc' non requiri.

'This (having been read)?...


4)

Quo modo?

= by what means?
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Re: De Cap XXXV Familia Romana (Orberg) V

Postby Craig_Thomas » Fri Feb 24, 2012 9:39 am

1) Proprie 'plenum facere', sed etiam 'completum facere'.

2) Often when a sentence begins with 'sunt' or 'est' the subject is an impersonal one, i.e., 'there are', 'there is'.

'Ordinis' significat 'of class', ut opinor.

3) Non Orberg qui hoc explanat, sed Donatus est, in Ars Minor. Donatus might have used hic/haec/hoc to make 'lectum' unambiguously neuter, it being the same form as the masculine accusative singular.

'Lego' does commonly mean 'to read', but this is an extension of the literal meaning, which is 'to gather, choose' -- hence Anglice 'collect', 'select', 'elect'.

4) Ita est, aut brevissime 'how'. Vide Cap. XIV.25.
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Re: De Cap XXXV Familia Romana (Orberg) V

Postby MatthaeusLatinus » Fri Feb 24, 2012 9:43 pm

Actually the "choosing, selecting" meaning came first I think, as you "select the letters" to make out words, hence "read".
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Re: De Cap XXXV Familia Romana (Orberg) V

Postby pmda » Sat Feb 25, 2012 7:56 am

Many thanks...actually in English people, in academic discussion, will often say 'My reading of the situation' or 'He read that correctly...' implying a gathering and evaluation of facts....
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