Evito wrote:I'm curious as to how this particular verb developed. It's obvious fero comes from the Greek verb phero, which means about the same thing. But I'm not quite sure where tuli and latus came from.
Ooh, ooh. Fero and [face=spionic]fe/rw[/face]
come from the same source, but despite cultural closeness, Greek and Latin are actually about as far apart on the Indo-European family tree as they could be. The Romans might object to the implication that Latin came from Greek.
In any case, how did "go, went, gone" develop? Who knows. There may be theories of how this (called suppletion) develops, but I don't know if any is conclusive. It is, however, terribly common. In some languages there are words where the singular of a noun is from a completely different root than the plural.
Sometimes in archaic English you'll hear "I wend my way..." It's the past of this word that ended up being used for the past of just "go" (which in Old English was the even odder eode
So, all the bits of fero, ferre, tuli, latum come from roots with related meanings but which somehow lost their other parts and settled into this remarkable pattern. This is just something that happens.
It's interesting, now that I think about it, how the different parts in Greek for [face=spionic]fe/rw[/face]
are equally erratic. The future is [face=spionic]oi)/sw[/face]
, the aorist [face=spionic]h)/neika[/face]
(Homeric form), and all other forms derive from the same root as the aorist.
So, this is a longwinded way of saying "we're not sure how this happens, but it's not uncommon."