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Postby Rossini » Thu Sep 01, 2011 11:22 am


My problem is the following: in a past irrealis-construction, are the protasis and apodosis always contemporary to each other (example: If I had said that, I would have erred), or can the protasis be anterior to the apodosis (example: If I had studied, I would have past), and if so, what tense is used?

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Re: Irrealis-tense

Postby adrianus » Fri Sep 02, 2011 8:45 pm

Salve, Rossini.
This is what I think. Others might correct it. // Sic credo (quod alii corrigant):

If I had studied, I would have passed. = Si studuissem, feliciter evasissem.
Had I studied or if I were to have studied yesterday, I would pass the exam later today. = Si heri studuissem, examen posteriùs hodie feliciter evadam (modo subjunctivo) vel evasurus sim.
I'm writing in Latin hoping for correction, and not because I'm confident in how I express myself. Latinè scribo ut ab omnibus corrigar, non quod confidenter me exprimam.
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