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ἐνετύλιξεν and ἐντετυλιγμένον relationship btw the morphemes

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ἐνετύλιξεν and ἐντετυλιγμένον relationship btw the morphemes

Postby ἑκηβόλος » Fri Jan 19, 2018 3:56 am

Please comment on what I see as a differentiated use of the prefixed preposition:
Matthew 27:59 wrote:Καὶ λαβὼν τὸ σῶμα ὁ Ἰωσὴφ ἐνετύλιξεν αὐτὸ σινδόνι καθαρᾷ,

John 20:27 wrote:καὶ τὸ σουδάριον ὃ ἦν ἐπὶ τῆς κεφαλῆς αὐτοῦ, οὐ μετὰ τῶν ὀθονίων κείμενον, ἀλλὰ χωρὶς ἐντετυλιγμένον εἰς ἕνα τόπον.

The prefixed preposition ἐν- in Mt.27:59 is an adverb with lexical semantic morpheme τυλισσ- "wrapped inside", while in John 20:27, the ἐν- is taken together with the perfect morphological elements Cᵣε...μεν or with the mp meaning of μεν [where Cᵣ is the reduplicating consonant] "folded and put somewhere" or "folded lying in a place" or "the folding has been done and now one feature of the state it is in is its location".

In Aristophanes, Plutus, 692 κατέκειτο δ᾽ αὑτὴν ἐντυλίξασ᾽ ἡσυχῇ we need to infer what the hand is now wrapped up in - the quilt or coverlet. John explicates what was used for wrapping.
I sang of the dancing stars,
I sang of the daedal Earth,
And of Heaven -- and the giant wars,
And Love, and Death, and Birth, --
(Shelley, Hymn of Pan)
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Re: ἐνετύλιξεν and ἐντετυλιγμένον relationship btw the morph

Postby C. S. Bartholomew » Fri Jan 19, 2018 6:56 pm

My one word response to your proposal: Methodology

I did a Google search for: New Testament lexical semantics

What resulted was 500+ references to Louw & Nida 1992, Moisés Silva 1984.

If you want something more recent, Biblical Hebrew is one place to look. Toward the end of the 20th Century the state of lexical semantics in New Testament lexical studies was in somewhat better shape than Biblical Hebrew. In 2000 that changed when Rainier de Blois (United Bible Societies) launched the Semantic Dictionary of Biblical Hebrew (SDBH) project. That project is now old news. This morning I went looking for something more recent. Justino Alfredo and Gene l. Green emphasize different linguistic frameworks, with some overlap.

Scriptura 109 (2012), pp. 1-15
Justino Alfredo
Old and New Testament
Stellenbosch University
http://scriptura.journals.ac.za/pub/art ... le/120/128

Gene l. Green
ETS 50/4 (December 2007) 799–812

http://www.etsjets.org/files/JETS-PDFs/ ... _Green.pdf
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Re: ἐνετύλιξεν and ἐντετυλιγμένον relationship btw the morph

Postby mwh » Fri Jan 19, 2018 8:43 pm

ἑκηβόλε, you might get more useful responses if you posted in the Learning Greek forum rather than this one.

In Matt. the following dative specifies what he wrapped the body in, while in John the sudarium is just wrapped up. If we press the εν- in John I suppose we could say it’s wrapped in itself—folded up, perhaps. At Plut.692 again it’s not stated what she wrapped herself in. In her cloak or a bedcloth we can surmise. Cf. 707 ενεκαλυψάμην without specification, and 714 εγκεκαλύφθαι, where it’s implied it’s his cloak he was hidden in.

So in Matt. the prefix is picked up by σινδόνι, in the other two it’s left unelaborated. Many prepositionally prefixed verbs behave in the same sort of way.
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