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adjectival compounds with first element ending in -σι-

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adjectival compounds with first element ending in -σι-

Postby brometheus » Wed Jan 17, 2018 11:17 pm

I'm wondering if anyone here knows about the linguistic history of such adjectives as

    ἑλκεσί-πεπλος 'pulling (ἕλκω) a robe (πέπλος)'
    ἐννοσί-γαιος 'shaking (ἐν-ϝόθω 'push, strike') the earth (γή)'
    ἐνοσί-χθων 'shaking (id.) the ground (χθών)'
    τερψί-χορος 'rejoicing (τέρπω) in the dance (χορός)'
Seems that τερπι-κέραυνος 'rejoicing in the thunderbolt' ought to be in here too, even though it lacks the /s/.

Just wondering how the vocalism at the end of the first element is to be explained. If a parallel occurs elsewhere in Indo-European I would really like to know! I am wondering if the first element in these compounds is a verbal noun in *-ti- (cf. βάσις < *gʷm-ti-s 'a going/coming'). I can't find anything written about this particular structure anywhere.

I know this isn't directly Homer-related but a lot of these show up in Homer so I figured I would try asking here. Thank you!
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