Textkit Logo

Eur. Med. 1143 ἑσπόμην aor. of ἕπομαι where is the σ from?

Here you can discuss all things Ancient Greek. Use this board to ask questions about grammar, discuss learning strategies, get help with a difficult passage of Greek, and more.

Eur. Med. 1143 ἑσπόμην aor. of ἕπομαι where is the σ from?

Postby ἑκηβόλος » Sun Aug 19, 2018 7:10 am

In the aorist form ἑσπόμην from ἕπομαι "I am following", where is the sigma from?
Is the aorist of this verb suppletive?

The question arises while reading:
Eur.Med. 1142 - 1143 wrote:ἐγὼ δὲ καὐτὸς ἡδονῆς ὕπο
στέγας γυναικῶν σὺν τέκνοις ἅμ᾽ ἑσπόμην.
Thou wast not born for death, immortal Bird!
No hungry generations tread thee down;
The voice I hear this passing night was heard
In ancient days by emperor and clown:
(Keats, Ode to a nightingale, 1819).
User avatar
ἑκηβόλος
Textkit Enthusiast
 
Posts: 638
Joined: Wed Aug 07, 2013 10:19 am
Location: Nanchang, PRC

Re: Eur. Med. 1143 ἑσπόμην aor. of ἕπομαι where is the σ fro

Postby Hylander » Sun Aug 19, 2018 12:00 pm

*σεπ-ομαι > ἕπ-ομαι, cf. Lat. sequor (-π- in ἕπομαι is the reflex of earlier labiovelar -qu-)

The aor. stem is zero grade σπ- ; the rough breathing may be due to analogy with the present, or else reduplication, *σε-σπ-ομην > ἑσπόμην.
Hylander
Textkit Zealot
 
Posts: 1447
Joined: Mon Aug 17, 2015 1:16 pm


Return to Learning Greek