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Datives used as derivational morphological prefix

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Datives used as derivational morphological prefix

Postby ἑκηβόλος » Tue Jan 02, 2018 1:19 am

This was originally a question asked in Herodotus 1.189 νηυσιπέρητος
Markos wrote:
ἑκηβόλος wrote:Are there other similar word formations, where the dative of means becomes part of the word itself?
νηυσί (ναυσί) πέρητος (περατός) -> νηυσιπέρητος

χαῖρε, φίλε Στέφανε.

Maybe νυκτικρυφής?

νυκτικρυφὴς ὁ ἥλιος. ἡ γὰρ νὺξ κρύπτει τὸν ἥλιον. ὁ οὖν ἥλιος τῇ νυκτὶ ἐκρύβη.

On the other hand, Λ.Σ.Κ. renders this as: ὁ κρυπτόμενος τὴν νύκτα.

ἔρρωσο.

Yes. You were wise to ignore my stipulation of "dative of means". νυκτικρυφής is just the tip of the νυκτι- iceberg, it seems from a Perseus search, though there are other words formed from νυκτ- and νυκτο- too.
The child is the father of the man.
(W.W., 1802)
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Re: Datives used as derivational morphological prefix

Postby jeidsath » Tue Jan 02, 2018 2:23 am

If you want dative of means examples, I believe there should be some under χειρι-
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κλέπτε νόῳ, ἐπεὶ οὐ παρελεύσεαι οὐδέ με πείσεις.
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Re: Datives used as derivational morphological prefix

Postby ἑκηβόλος » Tue Jan 02, 2018 7:53 am

jeidsath wrote:If you want dative of means examples, I believe there should be some under χειρι-

Perhaps the only one is χεριφυρής "kneaded or mixed by hand".

It seems from the list under ΣΥΝΘ. near the bottom of the page here that -χειρ- occurs frequently enough as the second element in a word.
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