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Stonehenge[1] Hecataeus citation

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Stonehenge[1] Hecataeus citation

Postby C. S. Bartholomew » Sun Apr 28, 2013 6:33 am

On page 108 of Finding Camlann : a novel / Sean Pidgeon. W. W. Norton 2013, there is a reference to a fragment of Hecataeus Hist. which talks about a spherical (σφαιροειδῆ τῷ σχήματι circular?) temple found on an Island standing against the land of the Celts. This is all very old news (lots of hits in google books from 19th cent) With a little work I found what appears to be the text(?) but didn't locate a translation. The language of this fragment is pretty easy by comparison to Thucydides or Aeschylus.

Hecataeus Fragmenta
Volume-Jacobyʹ-F 3a,264,F, fragment 7
τῶν γὰρ τὰς παλαιὰς μυθολογίας ἀναγεγραφότων Ἑκαταῖος καί τινες ἕτεροί φασιν ἐν τοῖς ἀντιπέρας τῆς Κελτικῆς τόποις κατὰ τὸν ὠκεανὸν εἶναι νῆσον οὐκ ἐλάττω τῆς Σικελίας. ταύτην ὑπάρχειν μὲν κατὰ τὰς ἄρκτους, κατοικεῖσθαι δὲ ὑπὸ τῶν ὀνομαζομένων Ὑπερβορέων ἀπὸ τοῦ πορρωτέρω κεῖσθαι τῆς βορείου πνοῆς: οὖσαν [p. 245] δ᾽ αὐτὴν εὔγειόν τε καὶ πάμφορον, ἔτι δ᾽ εὐκρασίᾳ διαφέρουσαν, διττοὺς κατ᾽ ἔτος ἐκφέρειν καρπούς. [2] μυθολογοῦσι δ᾽ ἐν αὐτῇ τὴν Λητὼ γεγονέναι: διὸ καὶ τὸν Ἀπόλλω μάλιστα τῶν ἄλλων θεῶν παρ᾽ αὐτοῖς τιμᾶσθαι: εἶναι δ᾽ αὐτοὺς ὥσπερ ἱερεῖς τινας Ἀπόλλωνος διὰ τὸ τὸν θεὸν τοῦτον καθ᾽ ἡμέραν ὑπ᾽ αὐτῶν ὑμνεῖσθαι μετ᾽ ᾠδῆς συνεχῶς καὶ τιμᾶσθαι διαφερόντως. ὑπάρχειν δὲ καὶ κατὰ τὴν νῆσον τέμενός τε Ἀπόλλωνος μεγαλοπρεπὲς καὶ ναὸν ἀξιόλογον ἀναθήμασι πολλοῖς κεκοσμημένον, σφαιροειδῆ τῷ σχήματι. [3] καὶ πόλιν μὲν ὑπάρχειν ἱερὰν τοῦ θεοῦ τούτου, τῶν δὲ κατοικούντων αὐτὴν τοὺς πλείστους εἶναι κιθαριστάς, καὶ συνεχῶς ἐν τῷ ναῷ κιθαρίζοντας ὕμνους λέγειν τῷ θεῷ μετ᾽ ᾠδῆς, ἀποσεμνύνοντας αὐτοῦ τὰς πράξεις. [4] ἔχειν δὲ τοὺς Ὑπερβορέους ἰδίαν τινὰ διάλεκτον, καὶ πρὸς τοὺς Ἕλληνας οἰκειότατα διακεῖσθαι, καὶ μάλιστα πρὸς τοὺς Ἀθηναίους καὶ Δηλίους, ἐκ παλαιῶν χρόνων παρειληφότας τὴν εὔνοιαν ταύτην.

[1] I'm was a Stonehenge aficionado in my late teens, actually walked among the stones in Aug. of 1966, back when you could walk among the stones. It wasn't even crowded.
C. Stirling Bartholomew
C. S. Bartholomew
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Re: Stonehenge[1] Hecataeus citation

Postby Qimmik » Sun Apr 28, 2013 1:45 pm

That's really interesting. I would never have suspected that Britain gets two harvests a year.

Or that British speech is closest to Attic Greek.
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