pster wrote:Smyth 2510:
In general statements in the subjunctive with ἄν or the indicative, the relative, referring to a person, is often without an antecedent and has the force of εἴ τις. In such cases the main clause contains a substantive or a neuter adjective with ἐστί (which is commonly omitted), and the relative is the subject of the sentence or in apposition to it.
συμφορὰ_ δ', δς ἂν τύχῃ κακῆς γυναικός it is a calamity if a man gets a bad wife E. fr. 1056, καὶ τοῦτο μεῖζον τῆς ἀληθεία_ς κακόν, ὅστις τὰ μὴ προσόντα κέκτηται κακά and this is a misfortune exceeding the reality, if a man incurs the blame for evils that are not his doing E. Hel. 271, ὅστις . . . πρὸς θεῶν κακοῦται, βαρύ if a man suffers ill-usage from the gods, it is grievous E. Hel. 267.
In light of the examples cited--perhaps the bolded being easiest to examine--what does "relative" mean? Relative pronoun? Or relative clause?
Thanks in advance
pster wrote:Smyth continues: "the relative is the subject of the sentence or in apposition to it".
What does Smyth mean by "sentence" here? Doesn't he mean main clause? If he does mean main clause, then aren't you comitted to saying that the relative pronoun is the subject of both the relative clause and the main clause? (Leaving apposition aside.) But how can that be correct? In the Thucydides quote, τὸ εὐτυχές is neuter and singluar while the relative is plural and masculine. In the bolded quote, βαρύ is neuter, but the relative pronoun is masculine.
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