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χάρις ... Διὸς Aesch. Agamemnon 580-82

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χάρις ... Διὸς Aesch. Agamemnon 580-82

Postby C. S. Bartholomew » Sat Sep 22, 2012 5:04 pm

Aesch. Agamemnon 580-82

τοιαῦτα χρὴ κλύοντας εὐλογεῖν πόλιν
καὶ τοὺς στρατηγούς· καὶ χάρις τιμήσεται
Διὸς τάδ' ἐκπράξασα. πάντ' ἔχεις λόγον.

“Such things once heard, men should praise the city
and its general; and the favor of Zeus which accomplished
this will be given its due honor.” Christopher Collard

χάρις is the subject of τιμήσεται which is in middle voice (subject affected Carl Conrad). LSJ states that middle of τῑμάω functions as a passive. Either way, the honor is being bestowed on χάρις ... Διὸς. This makes me wonder if χάρις here is a hypostasis of Zeus.

The translations I looked at (Denn.-Page, C. Collard, L. MacNeice) made χάρις the subject of τιμήσεται with one exception, Fagels “Zeus will have the hero’s share of fame ... .”
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Re: χάρις ... Διὸς Aesch. Agamemnon 580-82

Postby Paul Derouda » Mon Dec 10, 2012 9:47 pm

Aesch. Agamemnon 580-82

τοιαῦτα χρὴ κλύοντας εὐλογεῖν πόλιν
καὶ τοὺς στρατηγούς· καὶ χάρις τιμήσεται
Διὸς τάδ' ἐκπράξασα. πάντ' ἔχεις λόγον.

Fraenkel glosses 'and the favour (or grace) of Zeus which has brought this to pass will be appreciated as it should be'.

According to West, 'πόλις appears here not as a recipient but as the bestower of praises. The passage is almost universally misinterpreted, despite Hermann's clear and correct explanation.' The explanation follows, but it is in Latin, which I have trouble understanding. Anyway, the answer seems to be taking κλύοντας and πόλιν together, and for this irregular concord a parallel is given at line 577 ‘Τροίαν ἑλόντες ... Ἀργείων στόλος. The idea seems temptating, but I'll have to think about it yet.
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