C. S. Bartholomew wrote:I am always somewhat surprised when I encounter one of these free floating accusatives. They serve as a reminder of the limitations of textbook grammar when faced with authors such as Sophocles.
I couldn't agree more. I think we'd only truly dealt with the accusative of respect in University
when we stumbled on it in Plato's Apology where it is displayed in various forms, sometimes with
prepositions like εἰς & πρός, but more often, as you said, as a free-floater.
It is somewhat easier to understand the acc. of respect in Hebrew -- or at least Biblical Hebrew --
where it is common to find a phrase like "sick in his heart" rather than the English "he has a heart condition". You can actually see it in this very quote in 635 ὁ νοσῶν μάταν, he who is sick with respect
to his foolishness
, or the more elegant English of Sir Richard Jebb (1883), the man plagued by foolishness