Textkit Logo

interlaced hyperbaton Ajax

Here you can discuss all things Ancient Greek. Use this board to ask questions about grammar, discuss learning strategies, get help with a difficult passage of Greek, and more.

interlaced hyperbaton Ajax

Postby C. S. Bartholomew » Mon Nov 07, 2011 10:27 pm

When an element from a certain phrase/clause is broken off and placed within another phrase/clause which results in yet another discontinuity within the second phrase/clause, this is called interlaced hyperbaton.

Sophocles, Ajax 804
οἲ 'γώ, φίλοι, πρόστητ᾽ ἀναγκαίας τύχης,
καὶ σπεύσαθ᾽, οἱ μὲν Τεῦκρον ἐν τάχει μολεῖν
οἱ δ᾽ ἑσπέρους ἀγκῶνας, οἱ δ᾽ ἀντηλίους
ζητεῖτ᾽ ἰόντες τἀνδρὸς ἔξοδον κακήν.

Ah, me! My friends, protect me from the doom threatened by fate!
Hurry, some of you, to speed Teucer's coming;
let others go to the westward bays, and others to the eastward,
and there seek the man's disastrous path.
English Trans. by R. C. Jebb

οἱ δ᾽ ἑσπέρους ἀγκῶνας, οἱ δ᾽ ἀντηλίους … ἰόντες
let others go to the westward bays, and others to the eastward

ζητεῖτ᾽ ... τἀνδρὸς ἔξοδον κακήν
seek the man's disastrous path

The tail end of the participle clause ἀντηλίους … ἰόντες is interlaced with the beginning of the main (finite verb) clause ζητεῖτ᾽ ... τἀνδρὸς.

C. Stirling Bartholomew

For more examples with commentary, read

Hyperbaton in the
Greek Literary Sentence
Daniel Markovic, Nov. 2005
available on the web.
C. Stirling Bartholomew
C. S. Bartholomew
Textkit Zealot
Posts: 1219
Joined: Mon Sep 19, 2011 10:03 pm

Return to Learning Greek

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 90 guests