Hi, pronunciation questions aren't as straightforward as you might think. It's a dead language so there are various pronunciations in use, each with various pluses and minuses.
Anemone wrote:How do you pronounce Upsilon? The book I'm using says like the French e, but I can't figure out how to say its sound.
The usual thing to learn it is to round your lips as if you were going to say "oo" but say "ee" instead. There are lot of sites like this one
where you can hear vowels -- υ is the [y].
What is the difference between Epsilon and Eta? Omicron and Omega? (how are they pronounced differently?)
The biggest difference is that η and ω are longer, i.e., you say them longer -- being accurate with the length of vowels is very important if you want to get a feel for the metre when you read poetry. (You're probably pronouncing ει as a diphthong but classically it was also a long vowel, and the difference was that η was long [ε], ει long [e], and ε short [e] -- for the symbols you can hear them in the link above -- so there's that difference as well. Similarly ω was long [ɔ], ου was long [o] (or long [u]), and ο was short [o]. But this more accurate pronunciation doesn't seem to be commonly used.)
Do diphthongs count as long or short?
They count as long. The exception is that most final -οι and -αι count as short for the purposes of the accent.
How do you pronounce accents? Do you say them like French accents? How do they change the way a word is pronounced?
Not like French. Originally they represented pitch, so in what seems to be the most common theory, the acute was a high pitch, and the circumflex a falling pitch, but very few people use this pronunciation. You can just treat the accents as telling you where the stress goes, although if you do this with poetry it can disrupt the rhythm of the poetry.
What are antepenults, penults, and ultimas?
ultima = last syllable, penult = second-last syllable, antepenult = third-last syllable
Oh, and the book I'm using has a list of 30 words that it uses for excercises. Should I wait and memorize these words before going on or should I just go on and learn the actual vocabulary when it tells me it (if it does) or later?
I'd say it's up to you. I would find memorizing them at this stage tedious and move on, but I'm not familiar with White's book.