In particular, cum with the Subjunctive was used in narrative (hence the past tenses, Imperfect and Pluperfect) as a descriptive clause of time. As, however, the present participle in Latin is restricted in its use and the perfect active participle is almost wholly lacking, the historical or narrative cum-clause came into extensive use to supply the deficiency.
Deudeditus wrote:wouldn't the pres. part. iungens refer to an action contemporaneous with the main verb? So wouldn't using cum with the indicative form of the verb to describe the precise time of action be kind of redundant? just a question, as I don't really, know either.
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