nostos wrote:On the self-tutorials, number 22:
audivimus cives tam fideles esse ut rem publicam conservarent: We heard that the citizens were so faithful that they saved the state.
benissimus wrote:main verb: audivimus
indirect speech: cives tam fideles esse
result clause: ut rem publicam conservarent
infinitives in indirect speech do not have absolute tense but are relative to the tense of the main verb (i.e. the verb that introduces the indirect speech, audivimus here). therefore, a present infinitive (esse) in a passage of indirect speech that is introduced by a verb in the past tense (audivimus) carries a past meaning.
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