Textkit Logo

perfect contraction

Are you learning Latin with Wheelock's Latin 6th Edition? Here's where you can meet other learners using this textbook. Use this board to ask questions and post your work for feedback.

perfect contraction

Postby elduce » Tue Sep 06, 2005 1:11 pm

W explained in Loci Immutati that the Romans would sometimes contract their perfect tenses. Could anyone elaborate on this concept and how often did the Romans do this?
Example: petiverunt would contract to petierunt. (This threw me a few times in subsequent passages.) Would laudaverunt be laudarunt?

Gratias
ego amo megaforce
elduce
Textkit Member
 
Posts: 144
Joined: Sun Sep 26, 2004 1:55 am
Location: Connecticut, USA

Postby benissimus » Wed Sep 07, 2005 3:02 am

I think I explained how this works pretty well in this thread (I just added some other important things I didn't know back then). Wow, that was a long time ago...

Anyways, to answer your questions. This is done very frequently and for obvious reasons. Some verbs won't work in metre in their uncontracted forms, which helps explain the prevalence of contraction in poetry. It also happens often in prose, so it is a shame that so many textbooks don't introduce it until the end or not at all. Words like appropinquauissetis are beyond unwieldy both in writing and locution, but appropinquassetis rolls off the tongue a little more easily (hell, the word itself is just long, even in the present). Laudaverunt can be contracted to laudarunt, though as I said in the other thread, contraction of the third person plural perfect indicative is rare (because long vowels are hard to contract). Spanish perfects use -arunt/-ierunt endings, so I wonder how early that standard started to be broken.
flebile nescio quid queritur lyra, flebile lingua murmurat exanimis, respondent flebile ripae
User avatar
benissimus
Global Moderator
Global Moderator
 
Posts: 2733
Joined: Mon May 12, 2003 4:32 am
Location: Berkeley, California

Postby elduce » Mon Sep 12, 2005 1:52 pm

Thank you Benissime.
ego amo megaforce
elduce
Textkit Member
 
Posts: 144
Joined: Sun Sep 26, 2004 1:55 am
Location: Connecticut, USA


Return to Wheelock's Latin

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 7 guests