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to kill - quick question

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to kill - quick question

Postby antianira » Thu Jul 14, 2005 4:01 pm

I'm still pretty new at learning Latin, but I've come across a few different words for 'to kill'

occido (actually I haven't come across this one yet, but I see it in the dictionary at the end)

Are there any differences in these words? Are they completely interchangable? i realize in English we have lots of different words for kill, some are more appropriate than others depending on the context.

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Postby amans » Fri Jul 15, 2005 1:01 pm

The three words you mention all mean 'to kill'. The dictionary by Lewis & Short mentions them as synonyms. So they are interchangeable, if not completely. There are little differences in meaning:

neco - to kill, often without any shedding of blood or use of weapons

interficio - this word also means to kill -- if the killing concerns oneself (i.e. suicide), this is the word to use (with the reflexive pronoun)

occido - as this word is composed of ob and caedo, it might carry associations of cutting down, of the enemy literally falling

It is interesting that Latin has such a rich vocabulary for expressing violence . . .
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Postby bellum paxque » Sat Jul 16, 2005 6:56 am

neco - to kill, often without any shedding of blood or use of weapons

In addition to this subtle distinction, I have read that "neco" often suggests a wrongful killing -- as through treachery or malice. I'm not sure how accurate that is, though.

Also, what about "exanimo"? I've seen "ille exanimatus est" and equivalent expressions for "he was killed." Perhaps this is more typically used in the passive. Literally, I guess, the meaning of "exanimo" is "to take the soul from."

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Postby Dom » Wed Nov 30, 2005 9:05 pm

Interesting (perhaps) fact:ex animo means from the heart. Also animus doesn't have to mean soul. It can aslo mean life which I'm guessing is meant here.

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