1.D'ooge had given many other words than main 5 declension in appendix 1. Is it necessary to memorise all of them.
2.I could not understand the difference between hic and is. How are they used? Are they both necessary?
lit. a. "Hic" is used of what is near the speaker (in time, place, or thought). It is hence called the demonstrative of the first person. It is sometimes used of the speaker himself ; sometimes for " the latter" of two persons or things mentioned in speech or writing; [at this place Allen & Greenough list a third use which I omit because it probably would more confusing than helpful] Often it refers to that which has just been mentioned.
lit. d. "Is" is a weaker demonstrative than the others and is especially common as a personal pronoun. It does not denote any special object, but refers to one just mentioned, or to be afterwards explained by a relative. Often it is merely a correlative to the relative qui:
- venit mihi obviam tuus puer, is mihi litteras abs te eddidit (Att. ii. 1. 1), your boy met me, he delivered to me a letter from you.
- eum quem, one whom.
- eum consulem qui non dubitet (Cat. iv. 24), a consul who will not hesitate.
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