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coepi vs incepi

In Wheelock, we are told that coepi, -isse etc is used in the perfect system only, and incipio is used for present. Fair enough. When, though, is incepi correct, and when coepi? Or are they equivalent?
Read more : coepi vs incepi | Views : 1225 | Replies : 5 | Forum : Learning Latin

dum pastores greges eorum nocte advigilabant :)

It's the silly season..... why not...

tintinnabuli neniae
latus tenebrosum lunae
estne in Marte vita?
feriae aestivae

scalae undequadraginta
viri ex Marte, feminae ex Venere sunt
homines tres in cymba
fabula urbium duorum
and of course:
occasus et casus imperii Romani :)

And of course, being from Wellington, I have to include:
Dominus anulorum: reditus regis

Anyone else?
Read more : dum pastores greges eorum nocte advigilabant :) | Views : 524 | Replies : 1 | Forum : Learning Latin

§ 459 Review of Gerund(ive), Inf., Subj. I, II Page 193!

Here I am a bit unsure of sequence of tenses, and the imperfect subjunctive as in II. 4. Does is still reflect continuous action there? Must the pluperfect be used for an action finished in the past? I.e "sese abdedissent"? It is different from English isn't it? Anyway,

I. 1. Caesar, cum pervenisset, milites hortabatur ne consilium oppidi capiendi omitterent.
-Caesar, when he (had) arrived, began to encourage the soldiers not to give up the ...


Stupid question I'm sure:

is a title of a book always in the ablative absolute, because there is no further connection to the sentence (in the obvious absence of a sentence)? or is it just that because a lot of titles start with 'de' that they are in the ablative?
Read more : titles | Views : 703 | Replies : 2 | Forum : Learning Latin

nullam pacem or nihil pacis?

I was doing an English -> Latin exercise and the phrase '.. we were able to have no peace' popped up. The answer on the Wheelock forum says nullam pacem. But is nihil pacis also correct?
Read more : nullam pacem or nihil pacis? | Views : 3988 | Replies : 5 | Forum : Wheelock's Latin


According to my helpful grammar the word 'plenus' is accompanied with an ablative or a genitive.

Which is used when?
Read more : plenus | Views : 1032 | Replies : 3 | Forum : Learning Latin

strange inflection

I came upon this sentence recently in an old text-book:
Ariadne identidem querebatur Thesea pollicitum esse se fidelem futurum esse.
Now, am I being dense? "Ariadne kept on complaining that 'Thesea' had promised he would be faithful." That is my translation - but why does 'Thesea' end in an A? I know it's a Greek name, but it should be masculine accusative, and I don't think Greek nouns ending in EUS have an accusative A ...
Read more : strange inflection | Views : 3042 | Replies : 16 | Forum : Learning Latin

§ 454. Exercises I, II Page 191-2 Review of Ablative

After this there will be just one further exercise.

I. 1. Galli locis superioribus occupatis itinere exercitum prohibere conantur.
-Having taken possession of the higher positions the Gauls try to keep away the army.

2. Omnes oppidani ex oppido egressi fugá petere inceperunt.
-All the townsmen who had moved out of the town began to attack with a flight...
(This one is not right I know)

3. Caesar docet se militum vitam sua salute habere ...

§ 447. Exercise II. Page 188. Gen/Abl of Description.

Here I am basically unsure, due to lack of reading any Latin in context but D'Ooge exercises, of what qualifies for Ablative or Genitive of Description.
The Genitive I understand is for numerical, Ablative for physical. What about the word, as will be mentioned below, "magnitude"? This seems abstract but reflects physical presence. By the way the Ex. I. was very easy so that goes well. Correct as I am sure you shall ...


Well, at 3:30 am last "night" I was on an exercise rampage. Then I came across something strange, due to an understandable yet now corrected mistake.

Let's see if Allen and Greenfluff can answer this: what is the present 1st person singular subjunctive of "creare"?

Surely it can't be creem? I know that it would be pronounced "creh-em" but such an elegant language should not hold such childish subjunctivses.

Ponder that thought, or "fieri potest ...
Read more : ooh...creem... | Views : 556 | Replies : 1 | Forum : Learning Latin


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