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Differentiating male and female Dat. and Abl

Salvete!

My understanding is that with Filius/Filia (Son/Daughter) the use of 'Filiabus' is used in the dative and ablative plural to differentiate it from the masculine 'filiis'.

However what happens to other nouns like Discipulus/Discipula? For both of these the dative and ablative plural is discipulis For example a sentence such as "discipulis pecuniam do"; how do you know if the students are male or female? :? ...
Read more : Differentiating male and female Dat. and Abl | Views : 111 | Replies : 6 | Forum : Learning Latin


αἱ δάπιδες ἃς ἡ τηθίς ἐπρίατο

εἰδυῖα ἐν γαστρὶ φέρουσαν τὴν γυναῖκά μου ἡ τηθὶς σήμερον ἐπρίατο δάπιδας πολυτελεῖς. ἐπιστολὴν δὲ ἐχθὲς ἐγράψατο περὶ ταύτης τῆς βουλῆς. καὶ δὴ ἀναγιγνώσκουσα ταύτην ἔφη με ἡ γυνὴ οὐ μέλλειν τὴν τηθίδα σου ταύτας τὰς πολυτελεῖς δάπιδας ὠνήσεσθαι. ἐγὼ μὲν ταῦτα γράφοντα ἐν ἐπιστολῇ πέμπει αὐτὴν τῇ τηθίδι λεγόντων οὐκ ἀνάγκην εἶναι τῶν δαπίδων ἡμᾶς. ἡ δὲ τηθὶς πέμπει εἰποῦσα ὅτι τὸ παίδιον μέλλει ἀνάγκην ἐπὶ τῇ γῇ τῶν δωμάτων δάπιδας ἔχειν. καὶ ἐπρίατο ...
Read more : αἱ δάπιδες ἃς ἡ τηθίς ἐπρίατο | Views : 40 | Replies : 1 | Forum : The Agora


Homeric Hymn X (to Aphrodite), meter

After working on it for months, I think I figured out the meter to the tenth Homeric hymn, dedicated to Aphrodite. Ultimately I want to craft a workable melody so that I can sing the song myself, so this is the first step. I’d love to get some input from people familiar with Homeric meter, because this is my first attempt.

A vertical bar | indicates the beginning/end of a foot, parentheses () indicate synezis ...
Read more : Homeric Hymn X (to Aphrodite), meter | Views : 108 | Replies : 5 | Forum : Homeric Greek and Early Greek Poetry


Material on common patterns for forming verbal stems

I'm wondering if anyone has references discussing common phonological patterns for forming the present, perfect, participate stems, etc., in Latin, not unlike those that show how Greek πραγ- becomes πραττ- in the present stem; and the phonological process that have developed them into the fused forms by the classical period.
Read more : Material on common patterns for forming verbal stems | Views : 97 | Replies : 2 | Forum : Learning Latin


The European Referendum in Britain

ἀγχωμάλου δὲ τῆς σπουδῆς φαινομένης ὀρρωδῶ τὴν ἀδηλότητα. ὀρρωδῶ τὴν φιλοκίνδυνον φιλοτιμίαν τὴν τοῦ ῥητωρος ἐπιθυμῶν εἶναι ἀρχῶν. νῦν ἀκούω βροντὴν καὶ ὁρῶ κεραυνὸν ἀλλὰ ὀρρωδῶ τινα οπισθεν χειμῶνα.
Read more : The European Referendum in Britain | Views : 86 | Replies : 3 | Forum : The Agora


Hi. New guy here, and a question

Hi,

I'm a new user here. I've found a lot of great info in the forum via Googling, so I wanted to join.

I have a BA in Comparative Lit, and I've been interested in Ancient Greek for a long time (dabbled in it for the past couple decades).

Recently, I've decided to change careers to become a Latin teacher, probably at a private high school. I live in the USA. So I've started learning ...
Read more : Hi. New guy here, and a question | Views : 65 | Replies : 0 | Forum : Open Board


Sexual Desire: πυροῦσθαι (burned) and ἐξεκαύθησαν (inflamed)

Is there good reason why πυροῦσθαι (burned) in 1Cor7:9 and ἐξεκαύθησαν (inflamed) in Rom1:27 cannot be read as expressing the same idea?

I mean is there other evidence to suggest that ἐξεκαύθησαν (inflamed) is only used with a negative or deviant behavior, while πυροῦσθαι (burned) expresses a purer type of sexual desire? Or are both words simply used to expression a high level sexual desire (i.e. one that is burning or enflamed)?


Syntax of Mastronarde 2e, Unit 14, Ex III.8

Hi, I have no idea how a phrase in this sentence should be analyzed.

καὶ διὰ τοῦτο ἡ Ἔρις αἰτία γίγνεται τοῦ πλείστους τῶν ἐν τῇ Ἑλλάδι καλῶν καὶ ἀγαθῶν ἀποθνῇσκειν.

Does τοῦ modify πλείστους or does it modify ἀποθνῇσκειν? If the former, what word does ἀποθνῇσκειν modify and what case is it? If the latter, does πλείστους modify ἀποθνῇσκειν as an adjective or is it the substantive subject of it despite not being ...
Read more : Syntax of Mastronarde 2e, Unit 14, Ex III.8 | Views : 79 | Replies : 2 | Forum : Learning Greek


Euripides Al. σὺν ἂν ἔσχεν 901

Euripides Alcestis
Line 901

δύο δ' ἀντὶ μιᾶς Ἅιδης ψυχὰς
τὰς πιστοτάτας σὺν ἂν ἔσχεν, ὁμοῦ
χθονίαν λίμνην διαβάντε.

Do we have here συνέσχεν with ἂν between the components of the verb?
Read more : Euripides Al. σὺν ἂν ἔσχεν 901 | Views : 103 | Replies : 6 | Forum : Learning Greek


Tacitus, Agric., ch.32

Context: Briton leader Calgacus gives troops a spirit speech on eve of battle with Romans.

An eandem Romanis in bello virtutem quam in pace lasciviam adesse creditis? nostris illi dissensionibus ac discordiis clari vitia hostium in gloriam exercitus sui vertunt;


I had trouble with this passage:

nostris illi dissensionibus ac discordiis clari vitia hostium in gloriam exercitus sui vertunt;


Translation: Because of our quarrels and feuds, they outstanding the renown of their army ...
Read more : Tacitus, Agric., ch.32 | Views : 183 | Replies : 9 | Forum : Learning Latin


 

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