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for the first time i bought one of those scanned, newly-bound, paperback versions of a long out o' print book (here, anabasis 1-4, goodwin/hadley), the ones that warn of scanning errors up front. it arrived today.

the ads suggest that they are coming from somewhere out of india (?), but the volume itself is remarkably free of modern information. it seems impossible to tell who did it (although there is a rather charming accidental (or ...
Read more : reprints! | Views : 74 | Replies : 2 | Forum : Learning Greek

renuntiat: abbreviated perfect?

C.Nepos, "Alcibiades"

Context: Alcibiades has taken refuge in Darius's territory, under the protection of the Persian satrap Pharnabazus, and the two have become fast friends. But Lacedaemonian leader Leander (here referrred to as Laco) wants Alcibiades dead, or as a prisoner.

his Laco rebus commotas statuit accuratius sibi agendum cum Pharnabazo, huic ergo renuntiat quae regi cum Lacedaemoniis convenissent, nisi Alcibiadem vivum aut mortuum sibi tradidisset.

Translation: Shaken by these developments, Leander decided that ...
Read more : renuntiat: abbreviated perfect? | Views : 89 | Replies : 7 | Forum : Learning Latin

A point about snakes in Virgil's Georgics

Georgics 4 contains this text about snakes

Nec rapit immensos orbes per humum, neque tanto
squameus in spiram tractuse colligit anguis.

as part of a list of dangers which are not found in Italy.

But elsewhere in the Georgics Virgil mentions snakes in Italy.

See also http://www.maremmaguide.com/snakes-in-italy.html

To me, the operative word is "immensos"; the only snake with "immensos orbes" likely known to Virgil is likely Python molurus (Indian python) known of from India by ...
Read more : A point about snakes in Virgil's Georgics | Views : 117 | Replies : 3 | Forum : Learning Latin

Other Early Christian Gospels

***this is posted in the wrong forum, should be in Koine ... Mounce, etc. ***

I am currently using a library (Univ. Puget Sound) copy of Other Early Christian Gospels, Andrew E. Bernhard, T&T Clark 2006. Yesterday I started looking at p.oxy 840, which has some intriguing content not found in the canonical gospels. Some of the vocabulary isn't found anywhere in the New Testament. The comments about purification are somewhat similar but not identical ...
Read more : Other Early Christian Gospels | Views : 84 | Replies : 1 | Forum : Learning Greek

Herodotus 4.163, ἐστάλη

ὁ δὲ Ἀρκεσίλεως τοῦτον τὸν χρόνον ἐὼν ἐν Σάμῳ συνήγειρε πάντα ἄνδρα ἐπὶ γῆς ἀναδασμῷ· συλλεγομένου δὲ στρατοῦ πολλοῦ, ἐστάλη ἐς Δελφοὺς Ἀρκεσίλεως χρησόμενος τῷ χρηστηρίῳ περὶ κατόδου.

ἐστάλη, in all likelihood, means something like "journeyed", and this is how both the Budé and the TLG translation render it. LSJ, s.v. στέλλω II.1. also gives "Med. and Pass., set out, or (esp. in aor. 2 Pass.) journey".

Landmark Herodotus translates, however "he sent to Delphi ...
Read more : Herodotus 4.163, ἐστάλη | Views : 309 | Replies : 13 | Forum : Learning Greek

Peace for our time September, 1938 - indirect infinitive

Ἱτλερ εφη ἀρέσκεσθαι λαμβάνων Συδειτονλανδα.
Χαιμβερλιν ἐνόμιζε Ἰτλερα σύμμαχον ἔσεσθαι καὶ ἐλπίδα ἔσχε Ἰτλερα ἀπογράψειν βιβλίον τις.
Ἱτλερ ἐνόμιζε Χαιμβερλινα ἀσθενῆ εἶναι ὥστε ὑπέγραψε τὸ βιβλίον.
ἐπανελθών καὶ καταβάς ἐκ πετεινοῦ ἄρματος Χαιμβερλιν ἔφη ἅμιλλαν περὶ Συδειτονλανδος ἀποτελέσαι.
ὕστερον Χαιμβερλιν ἔφη λαβεῖν εἰρήνην τὲ σῦν τιμῇ καὶ εἰρήνην ἥμερον αἰῶνα.

Ἱτλερ= Hitler
Συδειτονλανδ= sudetenland

While this is fairly close to what was said it is of course an exercise in using the indirect statesmen ...
Read more : Peace for our time September, 1938 - indirect infinitive | Views : 61 | Replies : 0 | Forum : Composition Board

Length of vowels followed by -nt/-nd

I've noticed this several times before but never bothered to ask about it. According to Wheelock as well as the full-first-conjugation paradigm posted here not too long ago, any vowel preceding -nt and -nd (initial, medial or final) is short. Yet in Horace 1.1 we have:

Condidit (9)
Gaudentem (11)
Findere (11)
Condicionibus (12)
Luctantem (15)

And so on, all metrically long. If they're determined to be long by position because they're followed by two ...
Read more : Length of vowels followed by -nt/-nd | Views : 257 | Replies : 9 | Forum : Learning Latin

ANKI-Deck "Adler Exercises"


I created a deck for the flashcard programme ANKI containing the Q&A-sets (English/Latin) of the Exercises 1-171 from Exercises contained in Adler's Practical Grammar of the Latin Language (based on my transcription version v1.1, 24 December 2015). It contains only Exercises 1-171 because the last Exercise (172) features letters which are not suitable for use with flashcards.

The ANKI-deck can be downloaded from the Download-section of my homepage. The ZIP-file (about 624 kb) contains ...
Read more : ANKI-Deck "Adler Exercises" | Views : 173 | Replies : 3 | Forum : Learning Latin

Euthyphro 4e4

σὺ δὲ δὴ πρὸς Διός, ὦ Εὐθύφρων, οὑτωσὶ ἀκριβῶς οἴει ἐπίστασθαι περὶ τῶν θείων ὅπῃ ἔχει, καὶ τῶν ὁσίων τε καὶ ἀνοσίων, ὥστε τούτων οὕτω πραχθέντων ὡς σὺ λέγεις, οὐ φοβῇ δικαζόμενος τῷ πατρὶ ὅπως μὴ αὖ σὺ ἀνόσιον πρᾶγμα τυγχάνῃς πράττων;

"But do you, indeed by God, Eythyphro, in this way think that you accurately know about heavenly things, what manner they are, and about the sacred and profane, that these being practiced like ...
Read more : Euthyphro 4e4 | Views : 156 | Replies : 3 | Forum : Learning Greek


I can't believe I don't know this or that I haven't figured it out / encountered it until now but the Latin word for grandson appears to be the same as the word for nephew: nepos. Though I do have a sneaking suspicion that someone here explained it to me before - if so apologies...

Searching online dictionaries yield's 'nepos' as a translation for both grandson and nephew. Can any one explain this as it's ...
Read more : Nepos | Views : 179 | Replies : 2 | Forum : Learning Latin


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