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2d pers. pres./fut. indicative medio-pass.: ει or ηι?

-ΗΙ is the older spelling in the Ionic alphabet. (However, -EI was the spelling in the old Attic alphabet, before the adoption of the Ionic alphabet. That occurred officially in Athens in 403 but I believe came into general use in Athens somewhat earlier.) -ΕΙ becomes prevalent in Attic in the fourth century BCE, but was not carried over into the koine, by which time ει, η and ηι were in the process of merging ...
Read more : 2d pers. pres./fut. indicative medio-pass.: ει or ηι? | Views : 70 | Replies : 4 | Forum : Learning Greek

Gorgias 456 b-c syntax

φημὶ δὲ καὶ εἰς πόλιν ὅπῃ βούλει ἐλθόντα ῥητορικὸν ἄνδρα καὶ ἰατρόν, εἰ δέοι λόγῳ διαγωνίζεσθαι ἐν ἐκκλησίᾳ ἢ ἐν ἄλλῳ τινὶ συλλόγῳ ὁπότερον δεῖ αἱρεθῆναι ἰατρόν, οὐδαμοῦ ἂν φανῆναι τὸν ἰατρόν, ἀλλ᾽ αἱρεθῆναι ἂν τὸν εἰπεῖν δυνατόν, εἰ βούλοιτο.

I am trying to parse this sentence, from Gorgias 456 b-c. I have two main doubts.

I originally found the sentence in Mastronarde's first edition, Unit 35. The version I gave just above is straight ...
Read more : Gorgias 456 b-c syntax | Views : 74 | Replies : 4 | Forum : Learning Greek


The word philosophy comes from the Greek word φιλοσοφία, which means philosophy.

James A. Sadowsky, SJ (1923-2012)
Read more : Philosophy | Views : 62 | Replies : 2 | Forum : Open Board

Luke 23:45 Eclipse or Darkening

τοῦ ἡλίου ἐκλιπόντος or ἐσκοτίσθη ὁ ἥλιος?

A normal eclipse at the full moon (Passover) is impossible. Nor did anyone at the time record a universal planetary darkness. Origen suggests that enemies of the Church came up with the eclipse idea and inserted it into Luke, most copies of which have ἐσκοτίσθη:

Dicimus ergo quod Matthaeus et Marcus non dixerunt defectionem solis tune factam fuisse, sed neque Lucas, secundum pleraque exemplaria hebentia sic: Et erat ...
Read more : Luke 23:45 Eclipse or Darkening | Views : 49 | Replies : 1 | Forum : Koine and Biblical Greek

ὡσ ἔπος εἰπεἶν

I know that this phrase is an idiom meaning 'so to say'. But I would like to know its literal meaning and its full, explicit grammatical analysis. I know that if you give the full analysis in the way I want, you will end up with something that is barely intelligible. But that is precisely what I want: I want to know why it is that the phrase is, strictly speaking, grammatical, even if it ...
Read more : ὡσ ἔπος εἰπεἶν | Views : 295 | Replies : 21 | Forum : Learning Greek

Relative Difficulty of Herodotus


I've studied Greek for about a year now (in college and independent reading this summer), and I'll be taking a seminar on Herodotus this coming fall. Aside from differences in dialect, should I expect any noticeable increase difficulty compared to Xenophon or Lysias?
Read more : Relative Difficulty of Herodotus | Views : 117 | Replies : 2 | Forum : Learning Greek

Greek or Latin affinity?

First off, sorry if this is the wrong board for this.
So I was thinking today about how Greek and Latin seem to be different in character. Kind of how there are dog people and cat people, or emacs users and vi users. Something about one's personality that reflects in one's taste.
Often I've seen the Roman referred to as "square" or "legalistic", while the greek were more concerned with beauty and idealistic, with an ...
Read more : Greek or Latin affinity? | Views : 92 | Replies : 2 | Forum : Open Board

question in subjunctive: Cicero, pro Sestio no. 128

I'm still having trouble seeing the clues for questions in the subjunctive. This question sent me to the translation before I could make it out. Pro Sestio is an oration in a political trial of Cicero's client Sestius. But Sestius's plight is entangled with Cicero's own politics. For this reason, much of the oration is devoted to justifying Cicero's actions. Cicero has been exiled, but while away the political struggle took a different turn, and ...
Read more : question in subjunctive: Cicero, pro Sestio no. 128 | Views : 91 | Replies : 2 | Forum : Learning Latin

Responsion and the iambic trimeter

James Morwood's A Little Greek Reader has a description of the iambic trimeter, images of which are attached below. In the footnote he writes:

Contemporary scholarship largely rejects the divison of the trimeter into six feet, preferring to concentrate on the three metra. We believe that those just beginning their study of meter will find the traditional analysis a more helpful introduction.

Morwood presents the same material, more or less, as Sidgwick's Verse composition, and ...
Read more : Responsion and the iambic trimeter | Views : 229 | Replies : 12 | Forum : Learning Greek

Handbook of Latin literature

Hello All :),
I'm a newbie here, so it is time to say a few words about myself : I am a student of classics in Cracow (Poland), and what's surprising I am keen on reading about classical literature (just a joke, 'tis obvious :lol: ). Nonetheless, I would like to ask you, Dear Colleagues, what handbook of Latin ...
Read more : Handbook of Latin literature | Views : 40 | Replies : 0 | Forum : Civilization and Culture of the Greeks and Romans


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