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Here you can discuss all things Latin. Use this board to ask questions about grammar, discuss learning strategies, get help with a difficult passage of Latin, and more.

Some basic phonology


Where can I find about vowels becoming short in front of other sounds? It's weird, but I can't find what I'm looking for.

For example, take the 4th conjugation (theme + desinence):

1st. s. audi
2nd. s. audī-s
3rd. s. audi-t
1st. pl. audī-mus
2nd. pl. audī-tis
3rd. pl. audi-u-nt

This /i/ is long whenever it is possible, but it isn't in front of another vowel (-ō or -u-) and in front of that ...
Read more : Some basic phonology | Views : 530 | Replies : 2

Cum domos vacuas

Orberg has this from Cap XLIV of LLPSI.

Arruntis Tarquinii et Tulliae minoris prope continuis funeribus cum domos vacuas novo matrimonio fecissent, L. Tarquinius et Tullia maior iunguntur nuptiis!

I'm a bit perplexed by cum domos vacuas.

I'm assuming it's consequential in meaning. So 'With the simultaneous death (murder) of Arruns Tarquinius and Tullia Minor a new match was made while the homes were empty....

Its domos vacuas conceptual here? As in both spouses were ...
Read more : Cum domos vacuas | Views : 761 | Replies : 3

Neque ea res...

This from Orberg LLPSI Cap XLIV.

Servius, quamquam iam usu haud dubie regnum possidebat, tamen — quia L. Tarquinius, filius Tarquinii Prisci, dicebat 'eum iniussu populi regnare' — ausus est ad populum referre 'vellent iuberentne se regnare?' Tantoque consensu quanto haud quisquam alius ante rex est declaratus.

Neque ea res Tarquinio spem affectandi regni minuit...

Nor did this (fact) diminish the hope, with which Tarquin desired, power...

I'm thinking regni is genitive...?
Read more : Neque ea res... | Views : 675 | Replies : 2

Ea erat confession

Orberg in LLPSI has this from Cap XLIV:

Aucta civitate magnitudine urbis, non armis, sed consilio augere imperium conatus est, simul et aliquod addere urbi decus. Iam tum erat inclutum fanum Dianae Ephesi; id communiter a civitatibus Asiae factum fama ferebat. Eum consensum deosque consociatos laudabat Servius inter primores Latinorum, cum quibus publice privatimque hospitia amicitiasque iunxerat. Saepe iterando eadem perpulit tandem ut Romae in Aventino fanum Dianae populi Latini cum populo Romano facerent. Ea ...
Read more : Ea erat confession | Views : 672 | Replies : 2

Advice on learning Latin


I have been learning Latin for almost one year by myself. My vocabulary is intermediate (unfortunately not good enough to fully understand Cicero, Vergil or Seneca) and I think I have mastered most of the grammar.

Are there any advice, texts or resources (preferably available online) you can give me to help me to go on studying Latin and get a better vocabulary?

Cura ut valeas!
Read more : Advice on learning Latin | Views : 1834 | Replies : 28

Excerpt from Annales of Tacitus

Hi all,

This below sentence is from Anneles of Tacitus:

, mox Tiberii principatum et cetera, sine ira et studio, quorum causas procul habeo.

= Therefore, purpose for myself is to relate few facts and last acts of Augustus, next the rule of Tiberius, and all the rest ones, without anger and eagerness, causes of which I remove

inde consilium mihi pauca (de Augusto) et extrema tradere ...
Read more : Excerpt from Annales of Tacitus | Views : 633 | Replies : 1

Latin Word Order: A Glimpse into the Vaults


As a small side project (and preparation for my first attempts at prose composition) I transcribed a few primary texts about Latin word order (and in one case lifted it from Project Gutenberg). I find the treatment of normal word order in Latin textbooks rather "underwhelming". This small sample of texts are hopefully of use. You can download the the transcription (html, about 178 kb) from the Download-section of my homepage.


Carolus Raeticus
Read more : Latin Word Order: A Glimpse into the Vaults | Views : 1080 | Replies : 11

Correct adjective ending when modifying more than one noun?

Hi. I'm trying to translate "divine miracles and calamities" into Latin, where divine is meant to modify both miracles and calamities. Miracle in Latin is neuter, but calamity is feminine. What adjective ending is appropriate in a case like this?

Read more : Correct adjective ending when modifying more than one noun? | Views : 614 | Replies : 2

short clauses often baffle me

Seneca, de Ira, 1,3

Seneca contrasts faculties of humans and the other animals.

Nulli nisi homini concessa prudentia est, providentia, diligentia, cogitatio, nec tantum virtutibus humanis animalia sed etiam vitiis prohibita sunt. Tota illorum ut extra ita intra forma humanae dissimilis est ; regium est illud et principale aliter ductum.

I was doing fine until I ran into
regium est illud et principale aliter ductum.

illud: antecedent?

regium, principale, illud, and ductum may agree: ...
Read more : short clauses often baffle me | Views : 857 | Replies : 7


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