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future perfect or perfect subjunctive

With the exception of 1st person singular, how do you know whether a verb is future perfect or perfect subjunctive?<br /><br />Noxam ab incolis pepulerimus<br /><br />I'm not sure whether "pepulerimus" is 1st person plural future perfect or 1st person plural perfect subjunctive.<br /><br />Should this sentence translate to<br /><br /> We shall have driven off harm from the inhabitants. (fut perf)<br /><br />or<br /><br /> We drove off harm from the inhabitants. (perf subj ...
Read more : future perfect or perfect subjunctive | Views : 2876 | Replies : 25




Sound Changes

One thing I have noticed in learning Latin is that a lot of the so-called irregularities are sound changes.<br /><br />For example: (stem ends in g + ending begins with s yields x) <br /><br />For short, I write: g + s -> x<br />another one is: g + t -> ct<br /><br />I have three questions:<br />
  • Does anyone have a list of these changes that they would share?
  • For the verb absum would the ...
Read more : Sound Changes | Views : 1535 | Replies : 13


Help please

I am trying to read Cornelius Nepos' life of Militiades and have got stuck on the first sentence:<br /><br />Miltiades, Cimonis filius, Atheniensis, cum et antiquitate generis et gloria maiorum et sua modestia unus omnium maxime floreret eaque esset aetate, ut non iam solum de eo bene sperare, sed etiam confidere cives possent sui, talem eum futurum, qualem cognitum iudicarunt, accidit ut Athenienses Chersonesum colonos vellent mittere.<br /> <br />I would translate it as:<br /><br ...
Read more : Help please | Views : 1103 | Replies : 7


Poll (the manual kind)

What is/was the most confusing thing for you when you are/were at a beginner-intermediate stage of learning Latin? Hopefully, this will stir up ideas for new tutorials :D
Read more : Poll (the manual kind) | Views : 1103 | Replies : 10


vetus, veteris

Stuck on 3rd decl adjectives again!<br /><br />vetus, veteris - old.<br /><br />I'm working through both Wheelock and Beginner's Latin Book (downloaded from Textkit), and BLB has declined vetus with an ablative singular vetere, gen plural veterum and neuter nom/acc vetera.<br /><br />Wheelock has it that all 3rd decl adjectives have ablative singular -i, gen plural -ium and neuter nom/acc -ia.<br /><br />Has wheelock oversimplified? If so, how can one tell how 3rd decl adjectives ...
Read more : vetus, veteris | Views : 3793 | Replies : 7


Nominative Case

(and the barrage of questions begins...)<br /><br />Is a noun in the nominative case always the subject of the verb in any given sentence? Surely there must be exceptions....Wheelocks says: "The Romans used the nominative case most commonly to indicate the subject of a finite verb." <br /><br />So when were there exceptions and in those examples, which case was used as the subject?
Read more : Nominative Case | Views : 3051 | Replies : 15


salveo, salvere

In Wheelocks Ch. 1 (we move very slowly at school I know!) it lists:<br /><br />salveo, salvere: to be well, be in good health<br /><br />If this is a verb and since verbs have 4 principle parts (which was mentioned the page before the vocab) then why are the 3rd and 4th ones not mentioned? Is this one of those incomplete verbs mentioned in another thread where the 3rd and 4th principle parts mentioned have ...
Read more : salveo, salvere | Views : 1260 | Replies : 3


grammar lesson needed

Vale patria mea. <br /> Farewell\good-bye my native\fatherland land.<br /><br /> vale = farewell\ be strong, (goodbye)<br /> finite verb, 2nd conj., 2nd person, singular, Imper. Act.<br /><br /> patria = fatherland \country\native land <br /> noun, (f) 1st dec., voc., singular, Indic., Act. <br /><br /> mea = my<br />adj.? (f) 1st dec., voc., singular, Indic. Act. (agreeing with it’s noun)<br /><br />My trouble with this is: mea is not a voc. sing. ending ...
Read more : grammar lesson needed | Views : 1602 | Replies : 10


I need your brains!

Can anyone think of any prepositions/prefices other than these:<br /><br />se<br />de<br />inter<br />circum<br />per<br />a/ab/abs<br />ad<br />super<br />ultra<br />infra<br />extra<br />intra<br />sub<br />contra<br />prae<br />pro<br />ante<br />iuxta<br />cum/con<br />prope<br />apud<br />in<br />e/ex<br />usque<br />propter<br />sine<br />ob/obs<br />post<br />re/red
Read more : I need your brains! | Views : 812 | Replies : 3


 

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