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de M&F cpt XII quaesita

--DELETVM--
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Fer auxilium?

Salvete,

My Latin teacher is leaving our high school after teaching here for seventeen years, and our chapter of NJCL's Latin Club is putting together a plaque to give her at our final convivium.

Here's what I've come up with thus far; any comments on the grammatical aspects would be very, very welcome, as I'm not totally sure if all parts of it are correct (or if some parts could be better phrased). ...
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Some Third Declesion Nouns

I have noticed that some nouns (third declension it seems), have the accusative singular in "im" and not "em". For example: Tiber, the river, has an accusative singular of Tiberim. My question is this: Is there some clue in a nominative or genetive singular that would alert me to an "im" sg. acc.? Or do I have to simply commit to memory nouns of this type when I encounter them?

Thanks

Brian
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Relative Clause of Characteristic

I've a question regarding the use of the RELATIVE CLAUSE OF CHARACTERISTIC:

Catilina, quem omnes oderint, venit ad senatum.

Catiline, the sort of man whom all men would hate, came to the senate.

Of course I'm translating ODERINT as SUBJUNCTIVE and not as FUTURE INDICATIVE. I've manipulated the translation to render the CHARACTERISTIC since the FUTURE just doesn't seem to convey the appropriate sense. Is this correct even though the antecedent is a specific person ...
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Just a few M&F kwesch'nz

just a few from m'n'f

3alux aurea aurorae sidera quae flammis frigidis nocte fulgent vertice caeli removet
the golden light of dawn removes the constellations/stars which shine as a flame to the night from the top of the sky. I wasn't sure which one frigidis belonged to, and I'm having trouble with the double dat. construction.

si pueri felices, Roma discedentes, Athenas eant, carmina pulchra poetae ci audiant the first letters of that word ...
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Elegiarum Question!!!

"VIDI TE SOMNIS FRACTA,MEA VITA,CARINA IONIO LASSAS DUCERE RORE MANUS...."
What does "FRACTA" actually mean in here?
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All the uses of the cases (and their names)

What are the other uses of the cases? E.g. ethic dative, ablative of instrument. Are their names standardised?

I'm requesting a comprehensive list if at all possible.
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M&F rogationes

For further reference, should I have created a new topic to post these questions, since they're aboot the same chief?

Rex dixit rumores in urbe auditos esse pellendos. Quae (ei) qui audiebant probabant.Does quae refer to what the king said (an implied uerba) or to the rumors?

E -> L
What book is this which has been sent to us by our friends with whom we were walking?
quod liber est hoc/id quod ad nos ...
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Unit 7 M&F: some questions;

Saluete omnes, I had just a couple questions.

-Quid (tu) agis? Ego litteras scribo. Ego litteras meis scribo.
What does meis refer to? the narrator's friends?

-Dixerunt dona quae petituri essemus pulchra futura esse.
they said that the gifts which we were about to seek were about to be beautiful. ... :?: ...

-Dicit illud opus tibi confectum a populo lectum esse.the 'opus est' idiom is throwing ...
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Direct Object of the Complementary Verb

In the following sentence:

We ought to help unfortunate people

MISERIS AUXILIUM DARE DEBEMUS

How do you know that help and people are the object of DARE? How do you know that they are not the object of DEBEMUS? I keep hearing that you just have to feel it out. Is there any rule within linguistics which can prove which goes with what?

thanks.
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