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Here's where you can discuss all things Latin. Use this board to ask questions about grammar, discuss learning strategies, get translation help and more!

Advice on learning Latin


I have been learning Latin for almost one year by myself. My vocabulary is intermediate (unfortunately not good enough to fully understand Cicero, Vergil or Seneca) and I think I have mastered most of the grammar.

Are there any advice, texts or resources (preferably available online) you can give me to help me to go on studying Latin and get a better vocabulary?

Cura ut valeas!
Read more : Advice on learning Latin | Views : 1231 | Replies : 28

Excerpt from Annales of Tacitus

Hi all,

This below sentence is from Anneles of Tacitus:

, mox Tiberii principatum et cetera, sine ira et studio, quorum causas procul habeo.

= Therefore, purpose for myself is to relate few facts and last acts of Augustus, next the rule of Tiberius, and all the rest ones, without anger and eagerness, causes of which I remove

inde consilium mihi pauca (de Augusto) et extrema tradere ...
Read more : Excerpt from Annales of Tacitus | Views : 515 | Replies : 1

Latin Word Order: A Glimpse into the Vaults


As a small side project (and preparation for my first attempts at prose composition) I transcribed a few primary texts about Latin word order (and in one case lifted it from Project Gutenberg). I find the treatment of normal word order in Latin textbooks rather "underwhelming". This small sample of texts are hopefully of use. You can download the the transcription (html, about 178 kb) from the Download-section of my homepage.


Carolus Raeticus
Read more : Latin Word Order: A Glimpse into the Vaults | Views : 739 | Replies : 11

Correct adjective ending when modifying more than one noun?

Hi. I'm trying to translate "divine miracles and calamities" into Latin, where divine is meant to modify both miracles and calamities. Miracle in Latin is neuter, but calamity is feminine. What adjective ending is appropriate in a case like this?

Read more : Correct adjective ending when modifying more than one noun? | Views : 491 | Replies : 2

short clauses often baffle me

Seneca, de Ira, 1,3

Seneca contrasts faculties of humans and the other animals.

Nulli nisi homini concessa prudentia est, providentia, diligentia, cogitatio, nec tantum virtutibus humanis animalia sed etiam vitiis prohibita sunt. Tota illorum ut extra ita intra forma humanae dissimilis est ; regium est illud et principale aliter ductum.

I was doing fine until I ran into
regium est illud et principale aliter ductum.

illud: antecedent?

regium, principale, illud, and ductum may agree: ...
Read more : short clauses often baffle me | Views : 684 | Replies : 7

How to pronounce long vowels

I've been listening to the audio recordings on wheelockslatin.com. They speak in a monotonous moan, especially when long vowels are involved. I feel like the ancient Romans, sitting around the forum, gambling and fondling women, would not speak in this migraine-inducing drone. I always imagine it pronounced more like modern Italian (which is vulgar Latin). Although personally, I prefer the anglicized pronunciation that you see in political science and the like.

How should I best ...
Read more : How to pronounce long vowels | Views : 603 | Replies : 5

Cicero's in Verrem 1.1.7

Videt multos equites Romanos, frequentes praeterea cives atque socios, quibus ipse insignes injurias fecerit.

He sees the many Roman knights, moreover the citizens and allies, to whom he has done conspicuous wrongs.

I have two questions:
-is praeterea here best translated with 'moreover' or 'in addition to'?
-why the perf. subjunctive fecerit? Is it because 'quibus ipse insignes injurias fecerit' is a limiting relative clause?
Read more : Cicero's in Verrem 1.1.7 | Views : 792 | Replies : 7

What's so hard about learning Latin?

Because right now, it seems really easy. I'm not rubbing it in or anything, I'm genuinely curious about what's so difficult about it. At this point the only thing I haven't dabbled into is the Subjunctive (well, I did check out the Present Active) other than that, I think I've got most of the other grammatical concepts down well. It seems like Latin is an engineer's language, everything so perfect and (usually) regular. I don't ...
Read more : What's so hard about learning Latin? | Views : 692 | Replies : 6

Online: Bradley's Key to Arnold's LPC


I have just uploaded my transcription of the Key to Arnold's Latin Prose Composition which is meant to accompany G. G. Bradley's revision of T. K. Arnold's Latin textbook "A Practical Introduction to Latin Prose Composition." A 1908-edition (Longmans, Green & Co., London) of the textbook can be found at Archive.org.

I transcribed a scanned version of the following print edition of the Key:

  • Title: "Key to Arnold's Latin prose composition /​ revised ...
Read more : Online: Bradley's Key to Arnold's LPC | Views : 459 | Replies : 0

Arnold/Bradley: politics/polities?


I am just winding up my transcription of the Key to Arnold's Latin Prose Composition as revised by George Granville Bradley. I have a question, though.

In exercise 45 we find the following sample sentence with an attached note:

Bradley wrote:2. Maxima est apud me reipublicae dissentio; hi omnia, illi nihil mutari (or mutata, 240, Obs.) volunt; ego neque hos neque illos recte sentire crediderim (149) (or credo).
Note: 2. Notice carefully the various ...
Read more : Arnold/Bradley: politics/polities? | Views : 509 | Replies : 2


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