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Are you learning Koine Greek, the Greek of the New Testament and most other post-classical Greek texts? Whatever your level, use this forum to discuss all things Koine, Biblical or otherwise, including grammar, textbook talk, difficult passages, and more.

'Aorist Imperative' Interpreting I Jn 5:21

Hello All -
Having trouble understanding 'Aorist Imperative' and how it affects the interpretation of I Jn 5:21 ". . . φυλάξατε εαυτα απο τωον ειδωλων’’.

Can anyone share how this should be interpreted in the context of I Jn?


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[Unified Topic] definitions of the authent- words

It may seem rather audacious of me to question the work of such auspicious scholars as Strong, Thayer, Liddell, Scott. Jones, MacKenzie, Vine et.al., yet what they have provided has not always aided a straightforward or semantically homogenous understanding of the uses and meanings of these words. In fact, the semantic family with the authent- stem have become notoriously difficult to rationalise across the range of literature which contain them.

Most lexica are honest enough ...
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1519 ERASMUS FACSIMILE and Byzantine

Hello, I would like to purchase a facsimile of the Erasmus Greek and Latin N.T. What is the text form Erasmus used? Are there spaces between words? I am also interested in a Byzantine facsimile. But which? I don't want anything Wescott and Hort or Tischendorf or Sainaticus or Vaticanus. Any recommendations? The only obstacle here is cost.

Thank you!
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2Thes 2:1-4 ἡ ἀποστασία ... ὁ ἄνθρωπος τῆς ἀνομίας

2Th. 2:1 Ἐρωτῶμεν δὲ ὑμᾶς, ἀδελφοί, ὑπὲρ τῆς παρουσίας τοῦ κυρίου ἡμῶν Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ καὶ ἡμῶν ἐπισυναγωγῆς ἐπ᾿ αὐτὸν 2 εἰς τὸ μὴ ταχέως σαλευθῆναι ὑμᾶς ἀπὸ τοῦ νοὸς μηδὲ θροεῖσθαι, μήτε διὰ πνεύματος μήτε διὰ λόγου μήτε δι᾿ ἐπιστολῆς ὡς δι᾿ ἡμῶν, ὡς ὅτι ἐνέστηκεν ἡ ἡμέρα τοῦ κυρίου· 3 Μή τις ὑμᾶς ἐξαπατήσῃ κατὰ μηδένα τρόπον. ὅτι ἐὰν μὴ ἔλθῃ ἡ ἀποστασία πρῶτον καὶ ἀποκαλυφθῇ ὁ ἄνθρωπος τῆς ἀνομίας, ὁ υἱὸς τῆς ἀπωλείας, ...

Psalms of Solomon 17

C. Wanamaker (1-2 Thes NIGTC 1990) points out that Man of Lawlessness 2Th. 2:3 may reflect a tradition evidenced in Psalms of Solomon 17:11-22. This is a text for which we don't not have a Hebrew equivalent.

2Th. 2:3 Μή τις ὑμᾶς ἐξαπατήσῃ κατὰ μηδένα τρόπον. ὅτι ἐὰν μὴ ἔλθῃ ἡ ἀποστασία πρῶτον καὶ ἀποκαλυφθῇ ὁ ἄνθρωπος τῆς ἀνομίας, ὁ υἱὸς τῆς ἀπωλείας,

Psa. Sol. 17 is an eschatological messianic text dated by some to ...
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Jonah reading thread (Greek notes)

In Greek: If you don't understand something, please ask a question. If you do understand, please try to retell in your own words. Or ask topical questions.

ΙΩΝΑΣ 1:1-2

Καὶ ἐγένετο λόγος κυρίου πρὸς Ιωναν τὸν τοῦ Αμαθι λέγων Ἀνάστηθι καὶ πορεύθητι εἰς Νινευη τὴν πόλιν τὴν μεγάλην καὶ κήρυξον ἐν αὐτῇ, ὅτι ἀνέβη ἡ κραυγὴ τῆς κακίας αὐτῆς πρός με.

  • Καὶ ἐγένετο λόγος κυρίου πρὸς Ιωναν λέγων -- εἶπεν ὁ θεὸς πρὸς Ιωναν
  • Ιωναν ...
Read more : Jonah reading thread (Greek notes) | Views : 2763 | Replies : 7

Translation Koine

Hello I am just coming across a few sentences in my graded reader from the 1950s and I have had some trouble translating these two sentences. I didn't write down the preceding and following sentences for context, maybe you can still help me figure it out. Koine.

1. ὁ πιστεύων ἐν ἐμοί, οὗτος ἀδελφός μου και μήτηρ ἐστιν. How can the one believing in Him be His brother and she is somebody's (who) mother? This ...
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χξϚ 666

I was just studying the difference between 666, the number of the beast, in the Textus Receptus and in the UBS IV. The T.R. says the number is χξϚ (600, 60, 6). The UBS IV says the number is ἑξακόσιοι ἑξήκοντα ἕξ. Does the numbering in the UBS affect the way the beasts number can be calculated? How does this work, the number of his name adds up somehow to 666? So what combination of ...
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An Inauguration Day Treat

καινὰ πεποίηκε πάντα ὁ Τρύμπων.
Read more : An Inauguration Day Treat | Views : 3060 | Replies : 9

1 Timothy 3:16

Nestle GNT 1904
καὶ ὁμολογουμένως μέγα ἐστὶν τὸ τῆς εὐσεβείας μυστήριον· Ὃς?? ἐφανερώθη ἐν σαρκί, ἐδικαιώθη ἐν πνεύματι, ὤφθη ἀγγέλοις, ἐκηρύχθη ἐν ἔθνεσιν, ἐπιστεύθη ἐν κόσμῳ, ἀνελήμφθη ἐν δόξῃ.

The above is an ancient hymn current during the apostolic period (including obviously apostle Paul). The hymn has no syntactical connection to the rest of the Epistle but is an obvious allusion to ὁ Λόγος becoming flesh, from verses like John 1:1, John 1:14 and 1 ...
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