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XLIV the augment

  1. verbs beggining with p regularly double... those with l m v or c might get the doubvle
  2. verbs with a lost consonant f or c may take the consonantal augment instead of the syllabic
  3. initial c implies contractions (exo => eixov)
  4. initial f contraction may or may not take place

he gives examples for 4 whose origin i was not able to discover. i note that in andanw both things may happen eadon for ...
Read more : XLIV the augment | Views : 8334 | Replies : 8

XXII and XXIII the mystery of the missing tense

more questions :roll:
  1. he asks us to study the future perfect indicative, but this is nowhere to be found, also, how is it formed? :?
  2. in the formation of the aorist subjunctive, the endings are attached to which stem? the aorist w/o the augment? for instance how would it be in a case like aeidw? which ...
Read more : XXII and XXIII the mystery of the missing tense | Views : 3360 | Replies : 2

chs XXXII XXXIII and XX XXI μιow verbs and participles

i leave you with these question:

  1. On the present participle: he presents for them 2 possible charts that differ by the stem. that is, the stem either ends in ovt and nominative wv, ouca and ov; or in ovt avt evt uvt, ending in s in the nominative masc. How the hell can I know to which class the verb belongs? knowing not the stem previously? :roll: ...
Read more : chs XXXII XXXIII and XX XXI μιow verbs and participles | Views : 11458 | Replies : 12

Curiosities about the Pharr text

A couple of things seem a little strange to me about Pharr's text (well, actually, there are a bunch of strange things, like why are there so many chapters where the exercises don't relate to the assigned bits of grammar and vice versa...)

Anyway, what's up with the "Optional:" section in every chapter? He says in a footnote "Sections to be assigned at the discretion of the instructor," but as far as I can tell ...
Read more : Curiosities about the Pharr text | Views : 8176 | Replies : 7

The physical mechanics of reading Pharr from the Textkit pdf

If one does wish to buy the physical book reprint by Pharr because of the free pdf version available from this website, then there are two ways to read the book from the pdf version.

The first method is rather inconvenient : print the book on paper and read it from there. This is inconvient because of the required printing of the whole book. The style of the books of that era calls for flipping ...
Read more : The physical mechanics of reading Pharr from the Textkit pdf | Views : 9344 | Replies : 12

a composition book based upon homer???

is there such a thing? if not, what could be used to supply the scarce exercises presented on pharr.

Read more : a composition book based upon homer??? | Views : 5610 | Replies : 7


I found this word in Bettany Hughes documentary on Sparta. She says that Homer referred to Sparta as "kalligynaika or land of beautiful women". Can someone translate this to it's ancient Greek spelling?

BTW, Sparta didn't exist yet when Homer wrote, correct? So was he actually referring to Laconia? Wasn't Sparta founded around 650 or 700BC so any earlier references to "Sparta" are merely to some city that was near or on the site of ...
Read more : Kalligynaika | Views : 4730 | Replies : 5

Lesson VI: ἀγλαὰ ἄποινα

When looking at section 26, exercise #1, I ran across this oddity:

ἀγλαὰ ἄποινα

I thought to myself: "Well, I bet I'll never see these two words juxtaposed in Homer without an elision."

Does anyone else agree? Are there any examples contrary to my suspicion?

GTSS Working?

Hi All,

Could some folks from an active group, e.g., pharr-d, please see if GTSS is now working? For several weeks now it has been failing with a "403 Forbidden" error.

It might be best if you first emptied your browser's cache, sometimes known as "deleting temporary internet files."

Please let me know outcome. Thanks.


Read more : GTSS Working? | Views : 25425 | Replies : 38


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