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Here's where you can discuss all things Ancient Greek. Use this board to ask questions about grammar, discuss learning strategies, get translation help and more!

Greek = tonal language?

Geía sou<br />I'd like to know if the accents (grave, acute, and circumflex) were pronounced as in Mandarin Chinese (high-falling, low-rising, and high-falling suddenly to low-rising again). They exist in Spanish and Latin (except the circumflex) but are not tonilised. Euxasistw' gia to boh'qhma saj
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Pepomfa

Is there an obscure rule, subsumed with the other rules by the concept 'Euphony of Consonants,' to which one can ascribe the present perfect active form of the verb pe/mpw being pe/pomfa? I really do not want to have to memorize six principal parts of each verb; the four principal parts of Latin verbs are hard enough to remember... (all I do is complain ;) )
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adelphos

I see from LSJ (http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/pt ... %3D%231212) that a)delfo/j means brother or more specifically son of the same mother.<br /><br />Does this mean it usually refers to half-brothers? If so, what about half-brothers through the father or full brothers? What were they called?
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Anabasis II.v.10

Could someone explain the grammer to me here?<br />Thanx!
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Textkit Tutorial - Notes on the Aorist Morphology

This thread was created to discuss the Textkit Tutorial<br />Notes on the Aorist Morphology by William Annis<br /><br />Introduction:<br />Traditional grammars of classical Greek enumerate two forms of the aorist. For the beginner this terminology is extremely misleading: the second aorist contains two distinct conjugations. This article covers the formation of all types of aorist, with special attention on the athematic second aorist conjugation which few verbs take, but several of them happen to be ...
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Imperative endings

i)/qi is the 2nd sg. imperative of ei)=mi<br />This is not a regular ending, but ei)=mi seems to be a bit of an odd kind of verb.<br />klu=qi is also an imerative and it has the same ending. Is this ending more regular than I am thinking or am I missing something obvious?<br />Thank you
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adjectives

Sometimes I don't know if an adjective belongs to one noun or to more of them. Here are some examples:<br />Section 143 line 4 of Pharr; e(khbo/loj e)poixetai prw=ton ou)rh=aj kai\ ku/naj a)rgouj <br /> Does a)rgou/j belong to both ou)rh=aj and ku/naj or only to ku/naj<br />Line 5 is similar; o)le/kontai ou)rh=ej kai ku/nej aryoi/<br />I assume it only belongs to dogs because swift is not generaly considered a apt description for mules.<br />But ...
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kalos

Is there no better word for handsome in Greek? All I can think of is kalos. It’s like they used kalos for almost everything or am I greatly mistaken? Everything is just good instead of pretty, handsome, nice and so on...<br />Do I just need to learn my vocabulary better or if not, then how did the Greeks express all the meanings of the word? Did it always have a slightly different meaning to them ...
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ou(= a)kou/ei o( tuflo/s

ILIAS A.480-483<br /><br />Chruses has prayed to Apollo to turn back his anger; hekatombs have been sacrificed. The Achaeans are returning to camp.<br /><br /><br />oi( d' i(sto\n sth/sant' a)na/ q' i(sti/a leuka\ pe/tassan:<br />e)n d' a)/nemoj prh=sen me/son i(sto/on, a)mfi\ de\ ku=ma<br />stei/rh| porfu/reon mega/l' i)/axe nh\oj i)ou/shj:<br />h( d' e)/qeen kata\ ku=ma diaprh=ssousa ke/leuqon.<br /><br /><br />"And they raised the mast, and up they furled the white sails;<br />the wind filled in the ...
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pronunciation of chi and rho

X is, in the alphabet table, said to be like german 'ch', while in the text the description is not so simple. With some of the sound samples you can find on the web, it's more like that k is like 'k' in 'sky' and x is like 'k' in 'key'. (My native tongue distinguishes them, tho' the orthography for foreign words don't allow such elaborate distinction) Okay, there're variety of pronunciations and you might ...
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