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Herodotus 4.106

Recently, in another thread, I pointed out that Finns are not Indo-Europeans. What exactly they are can be found in the Budé edition of Herodotus.

4.106. ἀνδροφάγοι δὲ ἀγριώτατα πάντων ἀνθρώπων ἔχουσι ἤθεα, οὔτε δίκην νομίζοντες οὔτε νόμῳ οὐδενὶ χρεώμενοι: νομάδες δὲ εἰσι, ἐσθῆτά τε φορέουσι τῇ Σκυθικῇ ὁμοίην, γλῶσσαν δὲ ἰδίην, ἀνδροφαγέουσι δὲ μοῦνοι τούτων.

In a footnote the editor Legrand notes that according to 4.18, the ἀνδροφάγοι are an ἔθνος ἴδιον καὶ οὐδαμῶς ...
Read more : Herodotus 4.106 | Views : 399 | Replies : 2

Another inscription

Translated to Attic from IG7.3172:

μηνὸς Ἀλαλκομένιου¹ εἰκαστῇ καὶ ἕκτῃ, ἐπεψήφιζε Φιλόμηλος Φίλωνος, Κηφισόδωρος Διονυσίου ἔλεξε· προβεβουλευμένον εἶναι αὐτῷ πρὸς δῆμον, ἐπειδὴ ἐπεψηφίσατο ὁ δῆμος ἀποδοῦναι Νικαρέτῃ Θέωνος τὸν ταμίαν τὸν προάρχοντα τὴν τρίτην τετράμηνον ἀπὸ τῶν ὑπερημεριῶν τῶν ἐουσῶν² κατὰ τῆς πόλεως, ὃ ἐπίθωσε³ αὐτὴν ἡ πόλις, ἀργυρίου⁴ δραχμὰς μυρίας ὀκτακισχιλίας ὀκτακοσίας τριάκοντα τρεῖς, καὶ τοὺς πολεμάρχους ἀνελέσθαι τήν τε σύγγραφον ἣν ἔδωκαν ὑπὲρ οὔτων τῶν χρημάτων κατ᾽ αὐτοὶ αὐτῶν καὶ ὁ ταμίας καὶ ...
Read more : Another inscription | Views : 462 | Replies : 3

Herodotus 4.81, grammar question

πλῆθος δὲ τὸ Σκυθέων οὐκ οἷος τε ἐγενόμην ἀτρεκέως πυθέσθαι, ἀλλὰ διαφόρους λόγους περὶ τοῦ ἀριθμοῦ ἤκουον· καὶ γὰρ κάρτα πολλοὺς εἶναι σφέας καὶ ὀλίγους ὡς Σκύθας εἶναι.

Why doesn't πλῆθος have the article? Why not τὸ πλῆθος δὲ τὸ Σκυθέων?

Read more : Herodotus 4.81, grammar question | Views : 521 | Replies : 7

Memorization of sentences

Memorization of sentences seems to in practice to work like the audio lingual method. To actually memorize a sentence you have repeat it lots of times. If the audio lingual works so should sentence memorization. The audio lingual historically followed on from the grammar-translation method and while for modern languages it has in turn been eclipsed by communicative methods. http://www.pnglanguages.org/LinguaLinks/languagelearning/BooksBackInPrint/SuccessWithForeignLanguages/success.pdf
I am not convinced memorization is the best method but the thing is it is ...
Read more : Memorization of sentences | Views : 1151 | Replies : 11


Most of this inscription (which I have translated below from Bœotian to Attic) is a list of names and contributions, but the first few lines form a sentence (repeated in the last few lines) which I am having a bit of trouble understanding.

τοιῒ χρήματα συνεβάλοντο εἰς τὸν πολὲμον, τὸν ἐπολέμεον Βοιωτοὶ περὶ τοῦ ἱεροῦ τοῦ ἐν Δελοῖς πρὸς τοὺς ἀσεβέοντας τὸ ἱερὸν τοῦ Ἀπόλλωνος τοῦ Πυθίου.

"These contributed things for the war, which ...
Read more : IG7.2418 | Views : 385 | Replies : 2

Puzzle From The 18th Century

I am not really a classicist, and I hope it's OK to use these boards to get a very little help (one word's worth of help!) from someone who is. I am currently translating and annotating the work of the 18th century Italian scientist Vitaliano Donati. In his book he gives an etymology (probably, I think, false) of the word "coral" as being derived from two Greek words which appear in his book like this: ...
Read more : Puzzle From The 18th Century | Views : 629 | Replies : 11

Herodotus 4.48 grammar question

Ἴστρος μέν, ἐὼν μέγιστος ποταμῶν πάντων τῶν ἡμεῖς ἴδμεν, ἴσος αἰεὶ αὐτὸς ἑωυτῷ ῥέει καὶ θέρεος καὶ χειμῶνος, πρῶτος δὲ τὸ ἀπ᾽ ἑσπέρης τῶν ἐν τῇ Σκυθικῇ ῥέων κατὰ τοιόνδε μέγιστος γέγονε· ποταμῶν καὶ ἄλλων ἐς αὐτὸν ἐκδιδόντων εἰσὶ δὴ οἵδε οἱ μέγαν αὐτὸν ποιεῦντες, διὰ μέν γε τῆς Σκυθικῆς χώρης πέντε μὲν οἱ ῥέοντες, τὸν τε Σκύθαι Πόρατα καλέουσι Ἑλλήνες δὲ Πυρετόν, καὶ ἄλλος Τιάραντος καὶ Ἄραρος τε καὶ Νάπαρις καὶ Ὀρδησσός.

I ...
Read more : Herodotus 4.48 grammar question | Views : 515 | Replies : 6

Question on geminate -n- in the word "Peloponnese"

I was wondering about the word Πελοπόννησος "Peloponnese". If it derives from the proper noun Πέλοψ "Pelops", with stem Πέλοπ-, and from the noun νῆσος "island", then why is the -n- doubled? Is this an indication that the word νῆσος used to have an extra initial consonant, for example?
Read more : Question on geminate -n- in the word "Peloponnese" | Views : 712 | Replies : 11

Paideia's Living Greek

The blog provides comprehensible input with accompanying audio.


While I can appreciate in theory the euphony and historical accuracy of the Restored Attic, I have to say that I find both readers' basic Erasmian easier to understand.

Conlon's digest of the Iliad
Joseph Conlin wrote:τὸ νεῖκος δοκεῖ μὲν τῆς κόρης ἕνεκα γενέσθαι, ἀλλὰ τιμή, ὡς δοκεῖ, ἡ ἀληθὴς τοῦ νείκους αἰτία ἐστιν.

seems to me to have the added ...
Read more : Paideia's Living Greek | Views : 476 | Replies : 1

Scanning a Homeric line

Can any one scan this so it fits into a hexameter pattern?
I've been struggling. Perhaps some of the vowels I take as separate have been elided/contracted?

Και μιν φωνησασ' έπεα πτεροεντα προσηυδα (Od viii l. 442
Read more : Scanning a Homeric line | Views : 533 | Replies : 8


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