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Here you can discuss all things Ancient Greek. Use this board to ask questions about grammar, discuss learning strategies, get help with a difficult passage of Greek, and more.

Beginning vs Ending of Clause

Occasionally it is asserted that a word in a clause is placed at the begining or the end because the author is trying to highlight the word.

My question is which holds more weightiness? The front or the back of the clause? Also why would you choose one or the other?
Read more : Beginning vs Ending of Clause | Views : 90 | Replies : 1

Peckett's Thrasymachus (seeking audio)

Does anyone know of an audio recording of Peckett's Thrasymachus?

Many thanks!
Read more : Peckett's Thrasymachus (seeking audio) | Views : 86 | Replies : 0

Beginner's question

I am an absolute beginner at Greek, and, in fact, have never studied any language that employs cases.This is my first post to Textkit. I am using Pharr's famous book. My question refers to a Greek to English exercise in Lesson IV, specifically, #2. I assume that anyone who can answer this question is very likely to have a copy of Pharr available.

The translation I found online is:

2. The beautiful goddesses are dear ...
Read more : Beginner's question | Views : 490 | Replies : 8

Learning Greek in the 20th Century

I found this at the back of a copy of the Epitome Sacrae Historiae. There was an institute called Dr. Comstock's Vocal and Polyglott Gymnasium in Philadelphia. According to this institute: t"he Ancient Greek is taught according to the system adopted in the University of Otho, at Athens. By this method both the ancient and modern dialects are acquired at the same time. This plan is now used in the Universities of Germany." Would anyone ...
Read more : Learning Greek in the 20th Century | Views : 363 | Replies : 4


Hello, This is my first post. I am not a student of ancient languages and I am stumped on where to find an answer to my question.

This is an old fight song from Villanova and my colleagues and I are trying to figure out what the second line means. The capital "Kappa Theta (backwards??) Sigma Nu".

Here is a link to the archive where a digital copy is located: http://archives.villanova.edu/www.villa ...
Read more : ΚΘΣΝ?? | Views : 452 | Replies : 11

Arisophanes Acharnians 305-8: εἴπερ ἐσπείσω γ᾽ ἅπαξ

Archarnians 305-8 is interesting in the context of the discussion of εἴ/επει ἅπαξ in the previous topic.


ὦγαθοὶ τοὺς μὲν Λάκωνας ἐκποδὼν ἐάσατε, 305
τῶν δ᾽ ἐμῶν σπονδῶν ἀκούσατ᾽, εἰ καλῶς ἐσπεισάμην.


πῶς δέ γ᾽ἂν καλῶς λέγοις ἄν, εἴπερ ἐσπείσω γ᾽ ἅπαξ
οἷσιν οὔτε βωμὸς οὔτε πίστις οὔθ᾽ ὅρκος μένει;

307 δέ γ᾽ mss.] δ'ἐτ' Elmsley, accepted by Wilson and Henderson but rejected by Olson

Dikaiopolis has already made his treaty with the ...

Help understanding a sentence from Athenaze

In the Italian Athenaze, chapter XIX, line 74 I'm having trouble understanding the last part of the sentence:

Εἰς αὔριον δὲ ἐπιμελησόμεθα τί οἷοί τ'ἐσμὲν ὑμῖν συμπρᾶξαι περὶ τοῦ λοιποῦ τῆς ὁδοῦ, ἐπειδὴ ὑμᾶς ἔγνωμεν ἅπαξ.

I think it says something like: "Tomorrow, as much as we are able, will take care of helping you concerning the rest of the road, since we knew you once". It's the last part that I don't understand. Dikaiopolis ...
Read more : Help understanding a sentence from Athenaze | Views : 504 | Replies : 13

Ancient and Modern Greek on LingQ

I don't think there was ever a general announcement here, but after a long wait we finally got Modern Greek added as a supported language on the language learning website http://www.lingq.com. (full disclosure: I'm just a happy user of the site.) There is a fair amount of MG material online to use, and I've noticed that some users are using the slot to learn Koine Greek as well: the website staff has helpfully added the ...
Read more : Ancient and Modern Greek on LingQ | Views : 260 | Replies : 0

Next steps for an autodidact

Although I studied Greek in college many years ago, when I decided to learn Greek again I was pretty much starting from scratch. A friend recommended the Italian Athenaze, which I love. As I work my way through the second volume, I have spent a great deal of time thinking about what to do after I finish. Since Athenaze ends with some readings from the Acharnians, I thought it might be good to continue. The ...
Read more : Next steps for an autodidact | Views : 644 | Replies : 11

Plato, Republic, Book 3, 393 e

Since this is my first post, I would like to start off by greeting the textkit community, and informing everybody here that English is not my native language, so I hope everyone will be able to understand what I am trying to write.

I'm 29 years old, have been studying Ancient Greek for a year and a half now, and am currently translating an excerpt from the Book III of Plato's Republic (393 d- e). ...
Read more : Plato, Republic, Book 3, 393 e | Views : 392 | Replies : 6


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